Menurut Catalogue of Life genus ini dibagi menjadi beberapa spesies: Nerium Nerium indicum Nerium mascatense Nerium oleander Referensi. The leaves are in pairs or whorls of three, thick and leathery, dark-green, narrow lanceolate, 5–21 cm (2.0–8.3 in) long and 1–3.5 cm (0.39–1.38 in) broad, and with an entire margin filled with minute reticulate venation web typical of eudicots. Il se décline sous des centaines de cultivars. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. [17] There are estimated to be 25 million oleanders planted along highways and roadsides throughout the State of California. The fruit is a long narrow pair of follicles, which splits open at maturity to release numerous downy seeds. The etymological association of oleander with the bay laurel has continued into the modern day: in France the plant is known as "laurier rose",[7] while the Spanish term, "Adelfa", is the descendant of the original Ancient Greek name for both the bay laurel and the oleander, daphne, which subsequently passed into Arabic usage and thence to Spain. Il est botaniquement proche entre autres des Amsonia, Hoya, Adenia. In his book Enquiries into Plants of circa 300 BC, Theophrastus described (among plants that affect the mind) a shrub he called onotheras, which modern editors render oleander; "the root of onotheras [oleander] administered in wine", he alleges, "makes the temper gentler and more cheerful". Ingestion of larger amounts may cause nausea, vomiting, excess salivation, abdominal pain, bloody diarrhea and irregular heart rhythm. Cultivated specimen, Galveston, Texas, The first oleander planting in Galveston, Texas (1841), Adenium obesum (syn. Oleandr obecný (Nerium oleander) je dekorativní keř až strom a jediný zástupce rodu oleandr (Nerium).Je charakteristický poměrně úzkými zelenými listy a různobarevnými květy (nejčastěji se jedná o růžovou, žlutou a bílou variantu). Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Il se décline sous des centaines de cultivars. Adelfa frutos.jpg 647 × 549; 75 KB. Nerium oleander. Zaenkrat je edina vrsta klasificirana v rodu Nerium.Obstaja veliko drugih imen za to rastlino. With eroded root system; near Al-Ala, Tunisia, Chã das Caldeiras, île de Fogo, Cape Verde Islands. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. É orixinario dunha extensa área que vai do Mediterráneo á China, aínda que se cultiva en todo o mundo. It is so widely cultivated that no precise region of origin has been identified, though it is usually associated with the Mediterranean Basin. [Note 3] The fruit is a long narrow pair of follicles 5–23 cm (2.0–9.1 in) long, which splits open at maturity to release numerous downy seeds. [30] Propagation can be made from cuttings, where they can readily root after being placed in water or in rich organic potting material, like compost. Fichier:Nerium oleander September 2007-1.jpg. The gastrointestinal effects can consist of nausea and vomiting, excess salivation, abdominal pain, diarrhea that may contain blood, and especially in horses, colic. [19] Moody Gardens in Galveston hosts the propagation program for the International Oleander Society, which promotes the cultivation of oleanders. Oleanteri (Nerium oleander) on myrkyllinen pensaskasvi, jota käytetään myös huonekasvina.Kasvi sisältää mm. [58], There is an ancient account mentioned by Pliny the Elder in his Natural History,[52] who described a region in Pontus in Turkey where the honey was poisoned from bees having pollinated poisonous flowers, with the honey left as a poisonous trap for an invading army. Medra preferentemente nas barrancas e cavorcos dende o nivel do mar ata os 1200 m de altitude. The ancient Greeks had several names for the plant, including rhododaphne, nerion, rhododendron and rhodon. An Nerium oleander in uska species han Magnoliopsida nga ginhulagway ni Carl von Linné.An Nerium oleander in nahilalakip ha genus nga Nerium, ngan familia nga Apocynaceae. Heriotzorri edo adelfa (Nerium oleander) Apozinazeoen familiako zuhaixka da, sasi modura hazten dena, 2-4 m luzea. Une chose est particulièrement importante dans la culture: l’Oléandre a besoin d’un trimestre d’hiver sans gel, car pour la culture de pays libre, la plupart des régions en Allemagne ne sont qu’inadéquatement adaptées. Navadni oleander (znanstveno ime Nerium oleander) je zimzelen grm ali majhno drevo iz družine Apocynaceae (pasjestrupovk). An Nerium oleander in nahilalakip ha genus nga Nerium , ngan familia nga Apocynaceae . Oleander (Nerium oleander) ta un mata ku ta saka flor di diferente kolo. Oleander is a vigorous grower in warm subtropical regions, where it is extensively used as an ornamental plant in parks, along roadsides and in private gardens. … [26][27] Fears of honey contamination with toxic oleander nectar are therefore unsubstantiated. - both of which contain (like Oleander) potent cardiac glycosides that have led to their use as arrow poisons in Africa. [34] The solid whites, reds and a variety of pinks are the most common. White, pink or red five-lobed flowers grow in clusters year-round, peaking during the summer. [citation needed], Oleander sap can cause skin irritations, severe eye inflammation and irritation, and allergic reactions characterized by dermatitis. Barcelona Botanic Gardens: Plants of North Africa. [36][37][38], In reviewing oleander toxicity cases seen in-hospital, Lanford and Boor[39] concluded that, except for children who might be at greater risk, "the human mortality associated with oleander ingestion is generally very low, even in cases of moderate intentional consumption (suicide attempts). Nerium Oleander : ctr 3 litres. [18] Because of its durability, oleander was planted prolifically on Galveston Island in Texas after the disastrous Hurricane of 1900. Flor di e mata Oleander Boneriano E páginá aki a wòrdu kambiá ultimo biaha riba 8 desèmber 2020, ora 18:01. [30] Unless they wish to harvest the seeds, many gardeners choose to prune away the seedpods that form on spent flower clusters, which are a drain on energy. Le laurier-rose est originaire, semble-t-il, d’Afrique du Nord, mais il est cultivé et même naturalisé en de nombreuses régions tempérées chaudes. Oleandar (zlolepina, lat. They may strive to avert the day, but they grapple with the tub at last. It is the only species currently classified in the genus Nerium. ", "History - International Oleander Society", "Paris côté jardin Archives de mots clés Laurier Rose", "Jardin: Prolongez vous vos vacances en plantant in laurier-rose", "Shedding Light on Growing Oleanders Indoors", "Blooming Oleanders of the American Collection", "Gardening : Nerium oleander : Petite oleanders: Evergreen drought-tolerant dwarf shrubs with showy flowers", "Effects of inotropic and arrhythmogenic digoxin doses and of digoxin-specific antibody on myocardial monovalent cation transport in the dog", "2 Toddlers Died from Oleander Poisoning, Coroner Says", "Dozens of horses poisoned at California farm", "A Bittersweet Story: The True Nature of the Laurel of the Oracle of Delphi", "Gustav Klimt, Two Girls With An Oleander". In the past, scented plants were sometimes treated as the distinct species, Tibesti-Jebel Uweinat montane xeric woodlands, "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, entry for, Bingtao Li, Antony J. M. Leeuwenberg, and D. J. Middleton. Tanaman ini tumbuh dengan baik pada daerah … kurdicum Rech.f. [71], Unusual yellow-flowered variety. Nerium), monotipski rod vazdazelenih grmova iz porodice zimzelenovki (Apocynaceae) kojemu pripada samo vrsta Nerium oleander, .. Nerium oleander raste samoniklo od Portugala do Grčke, a u Hrvatskoj kod Dubrovnika.Može narasti do 6 metara visine. 1.1 Natural; 1.2 Cultivated. Nerium oleander is either native or naturalized to a broad area spanning from Northwest Africa and Iberian peninsula eastward through the Mediterranean region, to the Arabian peninsula, southern Asia, and as far east as Yunnan in southern parts of China. Oleander (Nerium oleander) ta un mata ku ta saka flor di diferente kolo. Die-back may cease during winter dormancy, but the disease flares up in summer heat while the shrub is actively growing, which allows the bacteria to spread through the xylem of the plant. Le Nerium oleander ssp oleander est un arbuste persistant de la famille des apocynacées, tout comme les pervenches ou le faux-jasmin (Trachelospermum jasminoides). L' oleandro (Nerium oleander L., 1753) è un arbusto sempreverde appartenente alla famiglia delle Apocynaceae, unica specie del genere Nerium. Fichier:Nerium oleander flowers leaves.jpg. Une autre interprétation rapprocherait Nerium de neros, qui signifie humide en grec. Асоса� The plant has a leaf like that of the almond, but smaller, and the flower is red like a rose. [10]The three remaining genera Alafia Thouars, Farquharia Stapf and Isonema R.Br. Erramuaren antzeko hosto berde gogorrak eta iraunkorrak izaten ditu, tamainaz harenak baino luzeagoak. Placing them in a space with central heating and poor air flow can make them susceptible to a variety of pests – aphids, mealybugs, oleander scale, whitefly and spider mites. Erramuaren antzeko hosto berde gogorrak eta iraunkorrak izaten ditu, tamainaz harenak baino luzeagoak. Although it does not require pruning to thrive and bloom, oleander can become unruly with age and older branches tend to become gangly, with new growth emerging from the base. Espesye sa tanom nga bulak ang Nerium oleander.Una ning gihulagway ni Carl von Linné.Ang Nerium oleander sakop sa kahenera nga Nerium sa kabanay nga Apocynaceae. These murals include the famous garden scene from the House of Livia at Prima Porta outside Rome, and those from the House of the Wedding of Alexander and the Marine Venus in Pompeii.[56]. As a main phytochemical of oleander, oleandrin is associated with the toxicity of oleander sap, and has similar properties to digoxin. Among these compounds are oleandrin and oleandrigenin, known as cardiac glycosides, which are known to have a narrow therapeutic index and can be toxic when ingested. Retrieved on 2009-07-27. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nerium&oldid=996006597, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "The Terrace at Méric (Oleanders)", an 1867 Impressionist painting by, "The Rehearsal of the Flute Player and the Wife of Diomedes in the Atrium of Prince Napoleon's Pompeian House in Paris" (1861) by, Oleanders were famously referenced by the band, Oleander was used as a poison to kill mice, on, In the late 6th century/early 7th century AD, Oleander is the official flower of the city of, This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 01:04. 11 ] [ 27 ] Fears of honey contamination with toxic oleander nectar are therefore unsubstantiated a toxic glycoside. 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