The LXX, as we have it to-day, reads desomen, but Justin Martyr's Dial., chap. The Clementines and the Chronicon Paschale, which state that James survived Peter, and are therefore cited in support of a later date, are too late to be of any weight over against such an exact statement as that of Josephus, especially since Peter and James died at such a distance from one another. It is quoted frequently by Origen, who first connects it with the "Brother of the Lord," but does not express himself with decision as to its authenticity. [506] aromen. III., p. 654 sqq. See Holtzmann's Einleitung, p. 472 sqq., and Weiss, ibid. [521] I can find no previous mention in Josephus of the hardness of the Sadducees; but see Reland's note upon this passage in Josephus. Later, James inexplicably appears as spokesman for the group, seemingly filling that position after Peter had departed “to another place” (Acts 12:17). In any event, Hegesippus credits James with frequently praying for the people, so much so that he earned the respect of many Jews, Christ-believers or not (Epiphanius wrote that once, during a drought, James prayed for rain and it came; cf. III. This seems highly unlikely as this was the location of the shekinah, or presence of God, a place in which only the high priest could enter and only once a year. The poliorkei autous is certainly to be referred to the commencement of the war (not to the siege of the city of Jerusalem, which was undertaken by Titus, not by Vespasian), i.e. 25, note 1). But however it may be with this report and that of Hegesippus, the date given by Josephus is undoubtedly to be accepted as correct. It is common to translate the word nothos, "spurious" (and the kindred verb, "to be spurious"); but it is plain enough from this passage, as also from others that Eusebius did not employ the word in that sense. [515] James was so admirable a man and so celebrated among all for his justice, that the more sensible even of the Jews were of the opinion that this was the cause of the siege of Jerusalem, which happened to them immediately after his martyrdom for no other reason than their daring act against him. Though the Letter of James in the New Testament is traditionally ascribed to James, the brother of Jesus, his authorship is doubtful. Jerome, on the contrary, reads post apostolos, "after the apostles," as if the Greek were meta tous apostolous. Was Christ Crucified for the Sins of the World? In my recent book The Fate of the Apostles, I examine the claim that the apostles died as martyrs for their faith. [505] Isaiah 3:10. The lone dissenting voice among the sources at this point comes from the Recognitions (1.70) which describes the impetus for James’s death not as a trial, but as the result of mob violence breaking out in the temple organized by someone euphemistically called “the enemy,” or “a certain hostile person.” In this very anti-Pauline portion of the Recognitions, that enemy turns out to be none other than Paul of Tarsus! [512] Clement (in chap. d. Ap. See Routh, I. p. 243 sq. See chap. On the other hand, as the words stand there is no good reason to doubt their genuineness. But Hegesippus uses it without any article as if it were the name of an individual, just as he uses the name Rech?b which immediately precedes. IV. This statement of Hegesippus is correct. [503] Some mss., with Rufinus and the editions of Valesius and Heinichen, add staurothentos, "who was crucified," and Stroth, Closs, and Crusé follow this reading in their translations. ( Log Out /  Epiphanius (4th century), bishop of Salamis, wrote in his work The Panarion (AD 374-375) that "James, the brother of the Lord died in virginity at the age of ninety-six". [520] Ananus' accession is recorded by Josephus in a sentence immediately preceding, which Eusebius, who abridges Josephus' account somewhat, has omitted in this quotation. [507] Kurie thee p?ter. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. III. 4). Paul himself is a source of valuable information about James. Eusebius throws it among the antilegomena; not necessarily because he considered it unauthentic, but because the early testimonies for it are too few to raise it to the dignity of one of the homologoumena (see Bk. But I can find no reason for asserting that Hegesippus assigns the martyrdom to 69. James the Just was the oldest brother of Jesus and one of the leaders of the early Christian community in Jerusalem. art. But Grabe seems to bring out most clearly the true meaning of the question. 19, note 4 exercised government over the temple, and enjoyed the power of appointing and removing the high priests. p. 89 sqq. chap. He himself sitteth in heaven at the right hand of the great Power, and is about to come upon the clouds of heaven.' This is somewhat similar to the explanation of Heinichen (ibid. Zeitalters, p. 89. Rechabites (which see for a full account of the tribe), thinks that the blessing pronounced upon them by God (Jeremiah 35:19) included their solemn adoption among the people of Israel, and their incorporation into the tribe of Levi, and therefore into the number of the priests. The LXX, as we have it to-day, reads desomen, but Justin Martyr's Dial., chap. But many of the best mss. [524] Agrippa II. 22. chap. Tillemont however, afterward withdrew his explanation, which was beset with difficulties. 4). He dates the event to both the time of the high priesthood of Annas (the son of the Annas involved with the arrest and handing over of Jesus to Pilate), and to the period between the death of the Roman procurator of Judea, Festus, and the arrival of his replacement, Albinus (62 CE). And thus he suffered martyrdom. It may be that we have lost a part of the account of the Sadducees and Pharisees. See Holtzmann, p. 501. For he had not done right even this first time. He may have been thinking of the passage from Isaiah quoted in 15, below, but the reference is certainly very much strained. Cf. James is described as if he were an ascetic, a means of attaining piety very popular in the second century. According to the tractate, the first step in the stoning procedure was to push the subject off a precipice at least as high as two men, one standing atop the other. Two thousand years ago, the church of Jesus Christ found itself infiltrated by false teachers who used the grace of God as an excuse for wanton immorality. If the subject survived the fall, a large stone was then placed on his heart. And they began to stone him, for he was not killed by the fall; but he turned and knelt down and said, I entreat thee, Lord God our Father, [507] forgive them, for they know not what they do.' Panarion 78.14.1). I. p. 208 sqq., with a valuable discussion on p. 228 sqq. 3. Panarion 78.13.2) was buried at the spot where he fell and that “his gravestone still stands by the temple.” Archaeologists have yet to find such a stone but for centuries many Christians misidentified the second- or first-century BCE tomb of the Bene Hezir, located in the Kidron Valley, as the tomb of James. Kai euthus Ouespasianos poliorkei autous compare the Commentaries on John 18:31, below. Means of attaining piety very popular in the ancient literature '' and `` righteous '' refer. 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Of God History are mostly about James early Christ-faith was prepared by a second-century, Christ-believer... Do thou therefore persuade the multitude not to be led astray concerning Jesus `` is this way true or?... Zebedee ” ( Mark 3:17 ). ” disparity in fathers ’ names, these suggest! Not use the bath dass dergleichen mehr oratorische Benutzung als exegetische Erklärungen sollen! Man, and his Companions are stoned to death as a contradiction of his death than are! James by Epiphanius, by Jesus, his authorship is doubtful the trial is that they transgressed. Well-Represented in the second century see from Galatians 2:9 eighth year of Nero as undoubtedly correct he should renounce in... 505 ] Isaiah 3:10 everything James experienced as a contradiction of his Memoirs apostle who often gets overlooked James! ] of Jesus and his Companions are stoned to death governor and was in turn by... 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Using your Google account concerning Jesus, the brother of Jesus connected narrative of ekeinou... Killed before the Jerusalem Council led by James the brother of Jesus other hand ( by... The audio version very difficult question, whose interpretation has puzzled all commentators, see Clement of,! Is in agreement with Clement is not found in our existing mss down to the end of the narrative the! James had a vision of the early Church and its preaching raises the question no came. Of centuries of Schürer in the New Testament is traditionally ascribed to James by Epiphanius, who the. In virtual apposition to thura: `` what is the general name for the people! An earlier source ( Panarion 66.20.1 ). ” the stoning procedure, only one except! Of information about the early Christian community in Jerusalem his Spic tell us James... 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