You can find these fish in freshwater habitats and coastal regions of every continent except Antarctica. 3 images available; click on one to open viewer. From an annual catch of over 60 specimens in 1990, only 8-11 were being caught per year in the early part of the 21st century. Although endangered in its wild habitat, this species is widely stocked into fishing lakes in Thailand. These are most special fish species in Mekong river. You can easily catch the fish of over 1.5 m long and more than 45 kg in weight as the large fish are now very rare. The Mekong giant catfish (Pangasianodon gigas) is ranked as critically endangered on the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Catfish naturally lives in the Mekong basin in Vietnam to the north of the river in China’s Yunnan province. The population is in decline, with scientists estimating that numbers have decreased by about 90% in the last 20 years. People used to catch a giant stingray on the Mekong River with a fishing rod. Emerging environmental DNA (eDNA) techniques have potential for monitoring threatened freshwater biodiversity, yet have not been applied in complex and biodiverse tropical ecosystems such as the … Primarily a herbivore, but also feeds on smaller fish and crustaceans. They live in Eurasia, Africa, the Americas, Australia, and many surrounding islands. Let’s find out some unique marine animals in this river. This Mekong giant catfish was weighed at 646 pounds by researchers working on a project to identify, study and conserve large freshwater fish around the world. Hardness: As the species' natural waters are subject to annual flooding, water parameters can vary considerably over the course of each year. Wait for the next giant fish instructed following. Their maximum length and weight of this fish can reach 2.4 m and 250 kg. The fish has very low-set eyes which somehow gives it a slightly sorrowful appearance. Habitat and Ecology The Mekong giant catfish is the largest freshwater fish and is endemic to the Mekong River. Freshwater ecosystems are home to an incredible diversity of species. During the flood season, they can eat fruit, trees, and grass on land. The results are yet to be published, but it’s to be hoped that the organisations involved are successful in outlining an effective, sustainable conservation strategy for this giant among catfish. It has grey to white coloring, no stripes, no teeth, and has little to no barbells. GLAND, Switzerland, June 29, 2005 (ENS) - A Mekong giant catfish believed to be the world's largest freshwater fish has been caught in … This large fish species feeds on zooplankton as babies, and they become herbivores and feed on plants and algae after about a year. The species is most known for its massive size, being 2 meters wide and weighing up to 200 … Giant Mekong Catfish are big river fish native to the Mekong basin. Population and Distribution It is now only found in the mainstream of the Lower Mekong in Myanmar, Lao PDR, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam. He noted that this particular dam could cut freshwater fish habitat connectivity by about 80%. 3 Giant Freshwater Stingray: freshwater stingray is one of the largest freshwater fish in the world. They often gather at the beginning of the rainy season and migrate upstream to breed, and often live in the main river branches with a depth of 10 m or more. This report highlights the dangers associated with hydropower development on the mainstream of the lower Mekong River basin. It is a species of freshwater stingrays setting in the Indochinese peninsula and Borneo island of Indonesia. It’s fair to say that this is one species that shouldn’t be considered an aquarium subject under any circumstance. A giant freshwater stingray (Himantura polylepis) native to the rivers of Southeast Asia. What else can you expect from the Mekong river? Catfishes in Mekong have large and flat heads, wide mouth with two long antennae in the upper jaw, pelvic fins long to the caudal fin, small dorsal fins in the front. Giant Mekong Catfish – Freshwater Fish Species in Thailand Species: Pangasianodon gigas Common names: Giant Mekong Catfish, Mekong Giant Catfish.Thai Name: Pla buk. Unsurprisingly it hasn’t been spawned in an aquarium, but has been bred in large numbers on fish farms. It’s beyond the limits of most public aquaria to house one of these long-term. Pangasianodon is separated from other pangasiid generea primarily on the basis of some morphological differences including a lack of teeth and massively reduced barbels in adult specimens. Some live across incredibly vast ranges, while some live only in an isolated region or even a single river system. World's Largest Fish Caught in Thailand. In nature it’s a migratory species, moving upstream to spawn during the late spring and summer months. It is believed that they live all year round in the Mekong mainstream because their food sources are aquatic animals living in the bottom water. According to the fishermen, during the dry season, adult fish will usually stay in the deep part of the river. The worlds biggest freshwater fish and 4 out of the top ten giant freshwater fish species can be found in the Mekong River which flows through Cambodia, China, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam. It took 2 hours for Thai fishermen taking a turn holding the fishing rod to pull the fish to shore. Now it mainly exists in the middle Mekong region. Experts are concerned that this species may not last much longer, since pollution and interference with its river habitat have already reduced their numbers. This huge catfish is a critically endangered species because of overfishing and over-harvesting.It used to be found from the lower Mekong all the way to the northern part of the river in the Yunnan Province of China. Whilst not quite as big as P. gigas these also grow huge and make equally unsuitable aquarium inhabitants. VietNamNet Bridge – There is no river in Vietnam which has as many giant fish like the Mekong River. It’s a pelagic species inhabiting main river channels and larger tributaries. There are fresh-water fish species of up to 300 or even 500kg in weight in this river. 41C Tay Ho Road, Tay Ho District, Hanoi, Vietnam. A 9 foot, 293kg specimen was caught in Thailand in 2006 and is thought to be the largest freshwater fish ever caught. Among the most unique type, you can have Giant freshwater stingrays with its’ scientific nomenclature being Himantura polylepis. The Mekong giant catfish (Pangasianodon gigas) is found only in the Mekong River and is one of the largest freshwater fish species in the world.It is also extremely elusive! On our website, you can browse a variety of travel options and cruise itineraries to discover the Mekong Delta at its best, together with some well-designed travel packages to further explore the beauty of Southern Vietnam. © Copyright 2008 - 2020 Luxury Cruise Mekong - All rights reserved. VietNamNet Bridge – There is no river in Vietnam which has as many giant fish like the Mekong River. The Mekong, twelfth longest river in the world, is the habitat of some of the world's largest freshwater fish: the giant catfish, giant carp, and giant stingray. Rare aquatic life includes the endangered giant freshwater stingray that reaches about 8 feet in diameter, Mekong giant catfish growing to over 750 pounds, and the freshwater Irrawaddy dolphin. https://www.luxurycruisemekong.com/blog/fishing-mekong-river December 15, 2017 - Villagers rescued a 440-pound Mekong giant catfish displaced by recent flooding in southern Thailand. Mekong giant catfish are not only one of the largest freshwater fish but also the heaviest freshwater fish as well. Habitat. Summary. With recorded sizes up to 10.5 ft (3.2 m) and 660 lb (300 kg), the Mekong giant catfish currently holds the Guinness Book of World Records position 'for the largest freshwater fish in the world. Native to the lower Mekong river running through parts of China, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam. With a length of up to 3.2 m and weight up to 300 kg, catfish is one of the largest freshwater fish species in the world. Many giant size fish have been recorded in the Mekong river and recognized as one of the largest freshwater fish species in the world. Because these fish do not have teeth, they are capable of obtaining food from algae grown on submerged rock surfaces. In Vietnam, the biggest stingrays are found in Mekong part belonging Tien river, Tan Hoa B hamlet, Tan An commune, Tan Chau town, An Giang. Catfish, Giant Mekong. Despite its size, it is a gentle giant that survives on a diet of plant matter and algae. Unfortunately related species such as Pangasius hypophthalmus and Pangasius sanitwongsei are widely available in the hobby. More giants inhabit this mighty river than any other on … Juveniles have barbells that shrink as they grow older. However, due to many different threats, catfish have migrated and lived in wider dispersion. Fish start to congregate at the beginning of the rainy seasons and then migrate upstream to begin spawning. This Mekong giant catfish was weighed at 646 pounds by researchers working on a project to identify, study and conserve large freshwater fish around the world. The Mekong Giant Stingray, as the name implies, is a massive species of freshwater stingray that is found in various rivers in Southeast Asia, including the Mekong. Mekong Giant Catfish: Catfish Giant Mekong river used to abound around the border of Thailand and Myanmar, but now they are becoming endangered due to habitat loss and overfishing. It’s been listed as “critically endangered” on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species since 2003, and will almost certainly remain there for the forseeable future. The The species also has one of the fastest growth rates yet recorded for a fish species, possessing the ability to reach a mass of 200kg in only 6 years.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'seriouslyfish_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_4',111,'0','0'])); Totally unsuitable for home aquaria. The stingray is 220 kg in weight, more than 4.5 m long including the tail, and over 2 m in width. It’s uncertain whether the Giant Freshwater Stingray is equipped to venture away from the rivers where it’s most commonly sighted to swim through the salty waters of the sea. This can lead to problems with the fish banging into the tank glass and items of decor, often resulting in injury. How can anyone hope to provide the conditions required by such a beast in their home? General hardness is thus not critical, and anywhere in the range 2-30°H would be acceptable. A 9 foot, 293kg specimen was caught in Thailand in 2006 and is thought to be the largest freshwater fish ever caught. In 2005 and 2006 a collaborative project funded by the Darwin Project, entitled “Development of a conservation strategy for the critically endangered Mekong giant catfish” was carried out, as no overall plan for saving the species currently exists. The small carp you find in the supermarket can be super in the Mekong River. Nicknamed the "swamp king," the catfish was stranded in shallow water more than two miles away from its home. Now people only see them appear in the middle of the Mekong River. Mature females are likely to be rounder-bellied than males. The Mekong River© Daniel Cheong / www.flickr.com. It is considered critically endangered due to accelerating habitat loss. This specimen measured more than 13 feet (4 meters) long. These fish are often caught in flooded areas. This fish is a meat-eater type with its food mainly being fish and crustaceans. Here is another impressive fish that you can luckily get once you fishing in the Mekong. The river provides an endless source of cool water for fields, which is a source of alluvial deposits year after year. If this seems a touch extreme consider that not only is it on the brink of extinction, but it’s perhaps the biggest freshwater fish species in the world. Aquarium filters which have been highly recommended by customers in your area can be found, To search for high quality aquarium heaters, click. It’s a very active open water species and tends to be skittish when kept in cramped conditions. It has declined drastically due to habitat loss and overfishing, and it is now considered critically endangered. Moreover, as among the richest rivers in the world, Mekong river is the habitat of hundreds of aquatic species, including giant and rare fish, so-called “freshwater monsters” types. That’s the weight of the largest ever Mekong giant catfish recorded. They only move out from these part during short hunting times when other small fish migrate through its area. Weighing nearly 363 kg, 2.4 meters wide and 4.3 meters long, this giant stingray on the Mekong River in Thailand may be the largest freshwater fish caught by fishing rods and strings. During the dry season, Mekong carp seeks refuge in deep pools on the mainstream of the river, which is mainly the section from Kratie to Stung Treng. Has an unconfirmed maximum length of 120″ (300cm) and over 350kg in weight! Giant Freshwater Stingray (Himantura chaophraya) AKA: Freshwater whipray.This is the unofficial king of the Mega fish with a published weight of 600kg. Maximum Standard Length. The Working Group will review and compile existing knowledge on the Mekong giant fish species regarding: important habitats, migrations, biology and life cycles, as well as artificial breeding and results of release of artificially-bred fingerlings, etc. Has an unconfirmed maximum length of 120″ (300cm) and over 350kg in weight! Flagfish or Pla Thepa fish can reach a mass of 200 kg, while their greatest body length is 3 m. Distributed in the lower Mekong River, flagfish can be found in China and Myanmar regions. 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