are essential for monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) caterpillars and support a diversity of pollinators with their abundant nectar. Range & Habitat: * 15 native milkweed species in the 7 Illinois counties of Chicagoland, 9 of which were ubiquitous. Milkweed seed can be purchased on the internet from multiple vendors but given some species’ broad distribution across the United States, available seed may be of non-local origin. Swamp milkweed, Asclepias incarnata seeds. Smart Seeds. This plant is a colonizer of Illinois Native Grasses & Wildflowers. Tips For Milkweed Seedlings. Map). Habitats include moist to dry black soil prairies, sand These flowers are quite fragrant, with a raised hoods with curved horns. wide, broadly oblong in shape, and smooth along their margins. Cultivars may be easier to find in your local garden center or nursery, but specialist nurseries do carry both potted plants as well as seeds. Milkweed seed is currently unavailable in several areas of the country. Flowers in clusters (umbels)on the upper portion of the stem. Please refer to BONAP’s map color key for detailed information, and note that dark green indicates that the species is present within the state, while bright green shows that the species is documented to occur in that specific county. The Biota of North America Program’s (BONAP) web-based North American Plant Atlas provides county-level distribution information for all Asclepias species in the lower 48 states (milkweeds are not native to Alaska and Hawaii). Seedlings: Cotyledons are very rare to see since most plants emerge from perennial rhizomes. Start seed germination in early April to have them ready for planting after the last frost in May. The native Common Milkweed occurs in every county of Illinois and it is Seeds must be sown indoors, however, under the correct conditions for the plant to thrive. Participate in citizen science efforts and help us better understand the monarch migration, annual lifecycle trends, and available habitat. scent resembling violets or pansies, and they range in color from faded ); see Insect When selecting your Milkweed seeds, check the label to make sure they are neonicotinoid-free. smooth margins. These same seed packs sell all over the web for $2 - $4 per 10 seeds). All milkweed varieties act as host plants for Monarch butterflies. Milkweed Seedlings. Common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) is a native herbaceous perennial whose main virtue is its appeal to butterflies—especially the monarch, which deposits its eggs on the milkweed.When the caterpillars hatch, they feed on the leaves of milkweed. Planting milkweed seeds. Clasping milkweed. All of the milkweed seed we handle at American Meadows is non-GMO and neonicotinoid-free. Because of its shorter height and taproot, Spider Milkweed does not tolerate high amounts of vegetative competition. For culinary applications, milkweed pods should be harvested when they are small, no longer than two inches, and before the white seeds take on any color. long-tongued bees, wasps, flies, skippers, and butterflies, which seek Illinois Native Milkweed Species. Description: Fruits are large green, hairy pods. Seashells & Sparkle. You will find instructions for both methods below. Source: USDA Plants Database as of November 15, 2017. What type of seed permit do I need to obtain? Distribution and Range – This milkweed formerly occurred throughout the eastern tallgrass prairie region of the central United States, from Kansas through Missouri and Illinois and north to southern Iowa and northwest Indiana. Swamp Milkweed (Asclepias incarnata) is a red, showier variety. 200, Portland, OR 97232 USA • Mailing Address for Donations: P.O. Ask your friends to help. axils of the upper leaves. Spider Milkweed features rose-white flowers surrounded by green that form in showy umbellated clusters, often one per plant. Search for: Monarch Watch is a nonprofit educational outreach program based at the University of Kansas that focuses on the monarch butterfly, its habitat, and its spectacular fall migration. Aquatic milkweed, Asclepias perennis seed packet. The Depending on the local ecotype, Common Milkweed is highly variable in Milkweed is a family of plants. Please use the drop-down menus to search for seed sources by species and/or state. The Xerces Society’s milkweed conservation work is funded by a national USDA-NRCS Conservation Innovation Grant, The Monarch Joint Venture, The Hind Foundation, SeaWorld and Busch Gardens Conservation Fund, Disney Worldwide Conservation Fund, The Elizabeth Ordway Dunn Foundation, The William H. and Mattie Wattis Harris Foundation, Turner Foundation Inc., The McCune Charitable Foundation, and Xerces Society members.  Monarch larvae only eat milkweed plants of the genera Asclepias and Ampelamus. This plant is very easy to grow once it becomes established. Their milkweed diet also makes them toxic to predators, which they show off in brilliant, orange-and-black wings we love to spot in the garden. The opposite leaves are up to 8" long and 3½" Milkweed family (Asclepiadaceae). numerous seeds that have large tufts of white hair. the This plant is very Comments: This is a tall-growing milkweed with unusual bicolored flowers. preference is full sun, rich loamy soil, and mesic conditions, but this Item Information. Of these, tropical milkweed (also called blood flower or scarlet milkweed) is the most widely available from commercial sources. nectar. Very tolerant of dry conditions, Spider Milkweed can be found in sand prairies, pastures, and even ditches. The caterpillars of Danaus plexippes Consider planting milkweed varieties that are native to your region for best results. Table for other insect feeders). Before planting, you should consider where you would like for the plants to grow. Sign up for our enewsletter to receive up-to-date information about our programs & events. Home; State and Province List. Meet twelve of the most ornamental milkweeds native to different parts of the country. To learn more about monarch butterflies and how you can participate in conservation efforts, please visit the Xerces Society’s Monarch Butterfly Conservation page or the Monarch Joint Venture webpage. Cultivation: Three Asclepias species have been introduced to the United States: tropical milkweed (A. curassavica), African milkweed (A. fruticosa), and swan or balloon plant (A. physocarpa). The photographs were taken at Meadowbrook Park in Urbana, Grow Butterfly Weed Seeds - Plant Swamp Milkweed CarmineNamed Butterfly Weed for a reason, this attractive and fragrant perennial will draw butterflies (and bees, and birds!) Ecotype seed that they acquired from feeding on milkweed about ¼ '' across, consisting of 5 petals. Pollinia from the flower is about ¼ '' across, emerge from flower... Features rose-white flowers surrounded by green that form in showy umbellated clusters, often one plant. 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