Serdika was the name of the central dwelling of the ancient Thracian tribe known as Serdi. It is located in the Sofia Valley and surrounded by the Vitosha and Balkan mountains and has been an important human settlement since 7000 BC. [109] It was built in the 2nd–5th centuries and is the second (and smaller) antique theatre of Philipopolis with 350 seats. At the beginning of the 20th century, there were seven syenite hills, but one (Markovo tepe) was destroyed. Founded seven thousand years ago, Sofia is the second oldest city in Europe. Plovdiv, second largest city of Bulgaria, situated in the south-central part of the country. Another pillar of Plovdiv's culture is the Philharmonic, founded in 1945. Today, the economy is based on textiles, tailoring, and food processing. Second largest city in Bulgaria. Many of those are still preserved and can be seen by tourists. [citation needed], Between 1875 and 1906, the Zariphios School was one of the local Greek educational institutions that provided elementary and secondary education. Massive walls surrounding a temple and a palace have been excavated. Because of its unique neo-Baroque and neo-Rococo architecture, Ruse is a popular tourist destination as well. The oldest part of the fortress was constructed from large syenite blocks, the so-called "cyclopean construction". The people of Plovdiv, the second largest city in Bulgaria, emphasize the philosophy of “aylyak,” which translates to idleness or dawdling, but in reality embodies the idea that taking your time and savoring the moment is a valid and desirable way of life. Many small airports are in the city's surroundings, including the Graf Ignatievo Air Base in Graf Ignatievo to the north of Plovdiv. Общински план за развитие на Пловдив 2005 – 2013 г. Although, the biggest economic contributor is the LUKOIL Neftochim Burgas oil refinery, which is the largest in southeastern Europe. The Plovdiv Opera was established in 1953. Like elsewhere in the country, Roma people are subjected to discrimination and segregation (See the Bulgaria section of the article Antiziganism). [139], The city has had a duty-free zone since 1987. The richer citizens constructed beautiful houses, many of which can still be seen in the architectural reserve of Old Plovdiv. [8] This happened with the help of the Municipal Foundation "Plovdiv 2019″, a non-government organization, which was established in 2011 by Plovdiv's City Council whose main objectives were to develop and to prepare Plovdiv's bid book for European Capital of Culture in 2019. 80 – Космополитен град. [64] Before and after the Rus' massacre, the city was settled by Paulician heretics transported from Syria and Armenia to serve as military settlers on the European frontier with Bulgaria. Below you will find the correct answer to Second-largest city in Bulgaria Crossword Clue, if you need more help finishing your crossword continue your navigation and try our search function. The city has been continuously inhabited since 4000 BC. Some of the intellectuals, politicians, and spiritual leaders of the nation graduated that school.[16]. Travelmath helps you find cities in any state or country. The first educational institution outside the US was founded here, and it even has a yearly festival named the International Fair Plovdiv that shows how important culture is for the city and the region as a whole. The city was part of the, Basil II based his army in Philippopolis during the war with, The city was conquered by the crusader army of, Philippopolis was conquered and raided by the, Phillipopolis was conquered by the Ottomans. It is located along the Danube River, making Ruse the most important river port in Bulgaria. It was built in the 2nd century during the reign of the Roman Emperor Hadrian. The days are mild and relatively warm in mid-spring. There are three railway stations: – Plovdiv Central, Trakia, and Filipovo – as well as a freight station.[140]. The economy of this city is based on tobacco production, food processing, textiles and brewing. The abolition of Slavonic as the language of the Bulgarian Church as well as the complete abolition of the church in 1767 and the introduction of the Millet System led to ethnic division among people of different religions. [117] It has a collection of minerals from the Rhodope mountains. One of the country's smaller, but most well-known, cities is Sighișoara. [106] During recent archaeological survey, an inscription was found on a postament of a statue at the theatre. Philippoúpolis, lit. Second largest city in Bulgaria. Plovdiv (Bulgarian: Пловдив) is the second-largest city in Bulgaria, and one of the oldest cities in Europe. [29] Originally, Plovdiv's development occurred south of Maritsa, with expansion across the river taking place only within the last 100 years. Published by Verlag Baier). The Dzhumaya Mosque in Plovdiv which is the second largest city in Bulgaria. At times the name was Ulpia, Flavia, Julia after the Roman families. Ruse is Bulgaria’s fifth largest city. [31], The history of Plovdiv spans more than eight millennia. There are important road junctions to the south, southwest, and north. According to the Treaty of San Stefano on 3 March 1878, the Principality of Bulgaria included the lands with predominantly Bulgarian population. When in Veliko Tarnovo, visit Tsarevets – the fortress with ramparts, the king’s castle, and the church on the top of the hill. Plovdiv (Bulgarian : Пловдив, pronounced  [ˈpɫɔvdif]) is the second-largest city of Bulgaria, standing on the banks of the Maritsa river in the historical region of Thrace. Plovdiv is a really charming city, and traces of its incredibly rich ancient history could be seen at every turn. According to the 1946 census, Plovdiv was the second largest city with 126,563 inhabitants compared to 487,000 for the capital.[78]. Plovdiv is the economic capital of Bulgaria as it has the country's largest economy and contributes 7.5% of Bulgaria's GDP as of 2014[update]. The city is a major road and railway hub in southern Bulgaria with[142] the Trakia motorway (A1) only 5 km (3 mi) to the north. Its location makes the fishing industry an important part of the economy. The average number of days with snow coverage in Plovdiv is 15. Gentle winds (0 to 5 m/s) are predominant in the city with wind speeds of up to 1 m/s, representing 95% of all winds during the year. It separated the autonomous region of Eastern Rumelia from Bulgaria, and Plovdiv became its capital. [80] After the Serbs were defeated in the Serbo-Bulgarian War, Bulgaria and Turkey reached an agreement that the Principality of Bulgaria and Eastern Rumelia had a common government, Parliament, administration, and army. Eirene is the Christian name for Penelopa, a maiden from Megadon, who was converted to Christianity in the 2nd century. It has been used for a number of festivals and art events, attracting visitors from all over Bulgaria and the world. The three sections "Prehistory",[114] "Antiquity",[115] and "Middle Ages"[116] contain precious artifacts from the Paleolithic to the early Ottoman period (15th–16th centuries). The first railway in the city was built in 1874 connecting it with the Ottoman capital, and in 1888, it was linked with Sofia. The city was conquered by the Russians under Aleksandr Burago for several hours during the Battle of Philippopolis on 17 January 1878. Burgas is the second largest city on the Black Sea coast after Varna. On 4 January 1878, at the end of the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878), Plovdiv was taken away from Ottoman rule by the Russian army. [61][62] From Philippopolis, the influence of dualistic doctrines spread to Bulgaria forming the basis of the Bogomil heresy. There are railway lines to Sofia, Panagyurishte, Karlovo, Peshtera, Stara Zagora, Dimitrovgrad, and Asenovgrad. [71][72] According to other data, Plovdiv was not an Ottoman possession until the Battle of Maritsa in 1371, after which, the citizens and the Bulgarian army fled leaving the city without resistance. [6] It suffered damage from the armies passing through the city during the Crusades as well as from sectarian violence between the Eastern Orthodox and the Armenian Orthodox and Paulician denominations. The Museum of Aviation was established on 21 September 1991 on the territory of the Krumovo airbase[120] 12 km (7 mi) to the southeast of the city. The town was a fort of the independent local Thracian tribe Bessi. [72] It was the capital of the Provisional Russian Administration in Bulgaria between May and October. There are animals such as boars, badgers, foxes, rabbits and squirrels in the nearby forests of Faget and Hoia. The museum contains a rich collection of Thracian art. Varna is a major tourist destination, a starting point for all resorts in the northern Bulgarian Black Sea Coast, business and university centre, seaport, and headquarters of the Bulgarian Navy and merchant marine. The city is in the southern part of the Plain of Plovdiv, an alluvial plain that forms the western portion of the Upper Thracian Plain. It has a population of 346,893 as of 2018 [update] and 675,000 in the greater metropolitan area. Image of roof, house, aerial - 158908651 By Amber Pariona on June 18 2019 in Society. [145] There are around 658 cars per 1,000 inhabitants[146]. It is near the modern post office next to the Odeon. The Painters' Society was established there by artists from southern Bulgaria in 1912 whose members included painters Zlatyu Boyadzhiev, Tsanko Lavrenov and Sirak Skitnik. [133], Source: The National Statistical Institute[132]. As soon as you step off the bus from the capital of Sofia, you can feel the change in pace of life. During that period, Plovdiv was one of the major economic centers in the Balkans, along with Istanbul (Constantinople), Edirne, Thessaloniki, and Sofia. Industry has been expanding since the late 1990s, with manufacturing plants being built in the city or in its outskirts mainly the municipality of Maritsa. Despite being unknown by many people, Plovdiv is the second largest city in Bulgaria and the oldest population in Europe, with more than six thousand years of history, Plovdiv was a Neolithic settlement with four thousand years before Christ. The Paulicians adopted Catholicism or lost their identity. Burgas is the second largest city on the Black Sea coast after Varna. [151], The city has six universities and a number of state and private colleges and branches of other universities. There are also some Muslims and Jews. [56] It took a century and hard work to recover the city. According to the 2012 census, 339,077 live within the city limits and 403,153 in the municipal triangle of Plovdiv, including Maritsa municipality and Rodopi municipality. The orchestra has toured in almost all of the European countries. There are many preserved ruins such as the ancient Plovdiv Roman theatre, a Roman odeon, a Roman aqueduct, the Plovdiv Roman Stadium, the archaeological complex Eirene, and others. Image of turkey, close, window - 137425599 [72] After the Liberation, the Bulgarian painter of Czech origin Ivan Mrkvička came to work in the city. Plovdiv was given various names throughout its long history. In 1944 the city was bombed by the British-American coalition. A major part of the inhabitants was fully or partly Hellenized due to the Greek patriarchate. [47] In 183 BCE, Philip V of Macedon conquered the city, but shortly after, the Thracians re-conquered it. This name is most likely a Thracian oral translation[4] of the other as it kept all consonants of the name Philip + deva (city). Plovdiv is host to musical, theatrical, and film events. Now, this makes it a must-visit place for all kinds of history buffs and archaeology lovers. Train Hit the Rocks Near Plovdiv - the Second-Largest city in Bulgaria. The total length of the cycling roads is 60 kilometres (37 miles) (48 kilometres (30 miles) are completed and 12 kilometres (7.5 miles) are under construction). It was later invaded by Persians, Greeks, Celts, Romans, Goths, Huns, Turks, Crusaders before becoming a part of Bulgaria … Image of travel, plovdiv, panoramic - 159939706 [4], Philippopolis was founded as polis by Philip the Great (r. 359–336 BCE), the king of ancient Macedonia, settling there both Thracians and 2,000 Macedonians and Greeks in 342 BCE. Things to Do in Plovdiv, the second largest city in Bulgaria: Dzhumaya Mosque. This article looks at the top 5 most populated cities in Bulgaria. [140][141] A major tourist centre, Plovdiv lies at the foot of the Rhodope Mountains, and most people wishing to explore the mountains choose it as their trip's starting point. This is a list of the largest and second-largest cities by population in each country.If a … Burgas is an extremely comfortable tourist destination because it offers all the amenities of the big city, the pleasure of the sea, the sun, the beach and the sea breeze and is easily accessible (the road from Sofia to Burgas is less than 4 hours on the highway). In 1927 the electrification of Plovdiv has started. [5] Control of the city alternated between the Macedonian kingdom and the Thracian Odrysian kingdom during the Hellenistic period; and the Macedonian king Philip V (r. 221–179 BCE) reoccupied the city in 183 BCE and his successor Perseus (r. 179–168 BCE) held the city with the Odrysians until the Roman Republic conquered the Macedonian kingdom in 168 BC. The port city Varna is the third-largest city in Bulgaria with 334,870 citizens located along the coast of the Black Sea. This is a list of cities and towns in Romania, ordered by population according to the 2002 and 2011 censuses. Plovdiv is situated in a fertile region of south-central Bulgaria on the two banks of the Maritsa River. [7] Roman Philippopolis resisted another attack, by the Avars, in the 580s, after the walls were renewed yet again by Justinian the Great (r. Population of Plovdiv: At the first census after the Liberation of Bulgaria in 1880 with 24,053 citizens,[89] Plovdiv is the second largest city behind Ruse, which had 26,163 citizens then,[90] and ahead of the capital Sofia, which had 20,501 citizens then. Eastern Europe. 2. The Ancient Stadium[110] is another important monument of the ancient city. It is the most densely populated city in Bulgaria, with 3,769 inhabitants per km2. Today, the majority of Bulgaria's population lives in cities. [43] In 492 BCE, the Persian general Mardonius subjugated Thrace again, and it nominally became a vassal of Persia until 479 BCE and the early rule of Xerxes I. However, there are no trams in the city, and the Plovdiv trolleybus system was closed in autumn 2012. Victory Avenue, a major avenue in central Bucharest, the biggest city in Romania. Second largest city in Bulgaria. The city had an advanced water system and sewerage. Roughly 300km north-east of Sofia on the banks of the Danube River, just 75 km’s south of Bucharest, Romania. [16] The Ottomans called the city Filibe, a corruption of "Philip", in a document from 1448.[28]. Best Answer for Second Largest Town In Bulgaria Crossword Clue. From there, the peaks of the Sredna Gora mountain range rise to the northwest, the Chirpan Heights to the east, and the Rhodope mountains to the south. In the night of 5–6 September, these men, led by Danail Nikolaev, took control of the city and removed from office the General-Governor Gavril Krastevich. Other stadiums include Stadion Botev, Lokomotiv (10,000 seats), Maritsa Stadium (5,000 seats), and Todor Diev Stadium (7,000 seats). It is third in population after Sofia and Plovdiv and the second largest city in Bulgaria. The Roman forum dates from the reign of Vespasian in the 1st century and was finished in the 2nd century. Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. Bucharest is the capital and the largest city in the country. The South Bulgarian city of Plovdiv is full of surprises. [24] It is also possible that it was named after the Vestal Virgins in the temples – evmolpeya. The first frost usually occurs by November. A provisional government was formed led by Georgi Stranski, and universal mobilization was announced. It takes charter flights from Europe and has scheduled services with Ryanair to London and S7 to Moscow. The official language in the country is Romanian while Albanian and Armenian are some of the recognized regional languages. Meanwhile, mass testing in the second-largest city in Bulgaria, initiated in May, reveals that less than 2% of around 1,200 randomly selected people have antibodies to SARS-CoV-2. Because opposite ends of the immense national park are only a 90-minute drive from either Sofia or Bulgaria's second largest city, Plovdiv, a visit to Rila should also include at least one of the two. [46] The Odrysian kingdom gradually overcame the Macedonian suzerainty, while the city was destroyed by the Celts as part of the Celtic settlement of Eastern Europe, most likely in the 270s BC. It has been found on a large stele which was used as construction material during the building of the Great Basilica. [5] Philippopolis became the capital of the Roman province of Thracia. The main shopping area is the central street with its shops, cafés, and restaurants. On 11 May 1858, the day of Saints Cyril and Methodius was celebrated for the first time; this later became a National holiday which is still celebrated today (but on 24 May due to Bulgaria's 1916 transition from the Old Style (Julian) to the New Style (Gregorian) calendar). The Plovdiv Drama Theatre[122] is a successor of the first professional theatre group in Bulgaria founded in 1881. Ranking third among the biggest cities in Romania, Cluj-Napoca is locally referred to as Cluj. [44] The town became part of the Odrysian kingdom (460 BCE – 46 CE), a Thracian tribal union. It is home to a number of state colleges and private colleges as well as 6 universities. [50] As such, the city was the seat of the Union of Thracians. Those include Plovdiv University,[152] with 900 lecturers and employees and 13,000 students; the Plovdiv Medical University, with 2,600 students;[153] the Medical College; the Technical University of Sofia – Branch Plovdiv;[154] the Agricultural University – Plovdiv;[155] the University of Food Technologies;[156] the Academy for Music, Dance and Fine Arts;[157] and others. The City of the Seven Hills. After the liberation, the first brewery was inaugurated in the city. [76] According to the statistics by the Bulgarian and Greek authors, there were no Turks in the city; according to an alternative estimate the city was of Turkish majority. Best Answer for Second-Largest City In Bulgaria Crossword Clue. The Institute of Economics and Social Sciencesof Bilkent University. In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of MASTER OF ARTS, "New series of ethnic maps by Zsolt Bottlik", "Municipal development plan of Plovdiv (incl. The wettest months of the year are May and June, with an average precipitation of 66.2 mm (2.61 in), and the driest month is August, with an average precipitation of 31 mm (1.22 in). Second largest city in Bulgaria; also second in economic and cultural importance. The athletic games at the stadium were organised by the General Assembly of the province of Thrace. In 1858 in the Church of Virgin Mary, the Christmas liturgy was served for the first time in the Bulgarian language since the beginning of the Ottoman occupation. Oct 28, 2017 - Plovdiv is one of the favorite places for Bulgarians to spend a perfect, relaxing day and is one of the best day trips you can take from Sofia. After the Romans, the city was passed between the Bulgarian, Ottoman and Byzantine empires, and it is now the second-largest city in Bulgaria. 527–565). [147], Plovdiv has 78 schools including elementary, high, foreign language, mathematics, technical, and art schools. Photo about PLOVDIV, BULGARIA - JULY 02, 2019: Panoramic view of the second largest city in Bulgaria. Last week, two men died after being left to wait at the steps of a hospital in Plovdiv, Bulgaria’s second largest city. There are seven indoor sports halls: Kolodruma, University Hall, Olimpia, Lokomotiv, Dunav, Stroitel, Chaika, Akademik, and Total Sport. It includes remains of a public building from the 3rd–4th centuries which belonged to a noble citizen. The Sephardic Plovdiv Synagogue is at Tsar Kaloyan Street 13 in the remnants of a small courtyard in what was once a large Jewish quarter. Its beauty shines from faraway...", Ἀπόλλωνι Κενδρισῳ Βειθυς Κοτυος ἱερεὺς Συρίας θεᾶς δῶρον ἀνε-, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. List of cities in Bulgaria by population 2019 2020. Search clues. The "Kapana" area (the "Trap") will become a quarter of the arts where the creative industries are going to be developed and presented. The number of registered private automobiles in the city increased from 178,104 in 2005 to 234,298 in 2009. [16] Since the 9th century CE the Slavic name began to appear as Papaldiv/n Plo(v)div, Pladiv, Pladin, Plapdiv, Plovdin, which evolved from a Thracian variant Pulpudeva. [citation needed] The Crusaders mentioned the city as Prineople, Sinople and Phinepople. The Bulgarian Navy is stationed here as well. People have inhabited this area for the last 1.4 million years. The theatre was studied, conserved, and restored between 1968 and 1984. [citation needed] Philippopolis was captured by the Byzantines in 969, shortly before it was sacked by the ruler of Rus' Sviatoslav I of Kiev who impaled 20,000 citizens. 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