This is known as an earthquake happening along a subduction zone. Earthquakes of these types are especially frequent in the coastal regions of northeastern Japan. There's still a skyline!" [19], In response to the widespread damage to transportation infrastructure, and the resulting effect on emergency response times in the disaster area, the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport began designating special disaster prevention routes and reinforcing the roads and surrounding buildings so as to keep them as intact as possible in the event of another earthquake. The Kobe 1995 Earthquake facts show: There were 300,000 survivors who had to be rehoused temporarily thanks to all the Kobe Earthquake 1995 damage. Most railways in the region were damaged. Tall building remained standing while many small houses were destroyed. About a million of Kobe's 1.4 million residents lost their electricity, gas and water supplies due to damaged pipes and transmission lines. There, people who lost their homes, became depressed after moving to places where they didn’t know anybody. The collapse of 18 spans (total length 630 m) of the Hanshin Expressway Route 3 elevated highway bridge in Fukae during the 1995 Kobe earthquake is investigated. Aerial view of a corner of Rokko Island. He was sleeping by the piano.”, Kobe Earthquake Infrastructure and Building Damage. The January 17, 1995 Hyogoken-Nanbu earthquake of magnitude 7.2 in JMA scale (Mw = 6.9), which struck Kobe, Japan and its surrounding area was the most severe earthquake to affect that region this century. 5 years ago (from the USGS) Kobe is located farther than many other cities in Japan from the dangerous intersection of three tectonic plates: the Pacific, Eurasian, and Philippine. I kept holding her hand, and gradually it turned cold.". Kobe's modern buildings "seemed to have performed very well," a former Stanford engineering professor told Newsweek. The January 17, 1995 Hyogoken-Nanbu earthquake of magnitude 7.2 in JMA scale (Mw = 6.9), which struck Kobe, Japan and its surrounding area was the most severe earthquake to affect that region this century. Firemen were unable to do anything to stop them because there was no water, and the fires spread rapidly because of strong winds. Damage in nearby Osaka and Kyoto was relatively minor. Evidence from the Great Hanshin-Awaji (Kobe) Earthquake in 1995, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Great_Hanshin_earthquake&oldid=992706984, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of September 2020, Articles needing additional references from February 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Internal link templates linking to redirects, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 18:08. The Japanese were highly critical of the American response to the North ridge earthquake near Los Angeles in 1993. The Kobe earthquake, also referred to as the Great Hanshin earthquake, was a 7.3-magnitude earthquake that rocked the Hyōgo Prefecture of Japan on the dawn of January 17, 1995.Such was its intensity that even the sensors on the other side of the world picked it. Convection currents in the mantle move these plates about (very slowly) and two or more plates can move against each other on the boundaries where they meet. In the end, the government coughed up only about 6 trillion yen of a total 16.3 trillion yen in reconstruction costs over 10 years. Service resumed across the entire line on February 16, 1995, with full service resuming a month later after repairs were completed. Kobe earthquake of 1995 killed over 6,000 persons, and destroyed more than 100,000 homes, still the economic recovery not only of Japan but also of the Kobe economy was rapid.” Muchofthis view can betraced toanarticle byGeorge Horwich published in Economic Development and Cultural Change that analyzed the Kobe event a few years afterward. K. Okumura [1995] Kobe Earthquake of January 17, 1995 and Studies on Active Faulting in Japan. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Text Sources: New York Times, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, Daily Yomiuri, Times of London, Japan National Tourist Organization (JNTO), National Geographic, The New Yorker, Time, Newsweek, Reuters, AP, Lonely Planet Guides, Compton’s Encyclopedia and various books and other publications. Hanshin refers to the region between Osaka and Kobe. Kobe Earthquake Facts . Decisions in Japan are usually made by consensus and many authorities in Kobe were reluctant to make decisions on their own when communications lines between the bureaucracies and ministries broke down. Fires following the earthquake incinerated the equivalent of 70 U.S. city blocks. Bullet trains lines were damaged in 36 places over a length of 56 miles, requiring three months to fix. Newer homes have reinforced walls and lighter roofs to avoid this, but are more susceptible to typhoons. One of the primary effects of the Kobe Earthquake for the survivors was coping with utility services being cut off. A major freeway collapsed, streets were uplifted, and railroad tracks buckled and twisted. Fire raged on and off for two days, and gas and water mains were ruptured. One refugee told a Japanese newspaper, "The authorities haven't done anything. What is visual communication and why it matters; Nov. 20, 2020. What triggered the earthquake was the Median Tectonic Line and it was sudden movement along this fault that triggered the earthquake that hit Kobe… One woman who was sleeping with her daughter told the Washington Post: "The second floor and a neighbor's house all crashed on us. This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been authorized by the copyright owner. In 1995, the Kobe Earthquake occurred in the second largest economic region of Japan, and its economic damages were accounted around 10 trillion yen. The Kobe Earthquake of 1995 The Facts: Where- Kobe, Japan When- Tuesday, January 17, 1995 at 5:46 a.m. Magnitude- 6.9 Deaths: 6,425 Injured: 25,000 Displaced: 300,000 Buildings destroyed: 100,000 Damage: $132 billion What caused this earthquake? [23] To keep the light rail system running even though it had quite severely damaged sections, shuttle buses were commissioned to transfer patrons to stations around damaged sections.[24]. Reid, Washington Post]. In the 1995 Kobe Earthquake, the subsequent deaths of about 920 people days and weeks after the disaster, or about 14 percent of all victims, were recognized as being caused by the earthquake. This kind of rigidity in our system is proved by this enormous tragedy. The Mj 7.3 earthquake struck at 05:46 JST on the morning of January 17, 1995. The earthquake occurred along the destructive plate boundary where the Pacific and the Philippine Plate (oceanic) meet the Eurasian (continental) plate.. The damage to highways and subways was the most graphic image of the earthquake, and images of the collapsed elevated Kobe Route of the Hanshin Expressway appeared on front pages of newspapers worldwide. Ten spans of the Kobe Route elevated expressway were knocked over in three locations across Kobe and Nishinomiya, blocking a link that carried 40% of Osaka-Kobe road traffic. Even though there were rumors to the contrary and goods were available for the picking in the shattered store windows there was little or no looting in Kobe. [Source: Washington Post], The Japanese media was not as intrusive as the Western media. The Japanese government also refused help from the U.S. military, which could have provided an aircraft carrier with a 2,000-bed medical facility. Near the coast of Japan, three kobe earthquake The Great Hanshin earthquake, or Kobe earthquake, was an earthquake that occurred on Tuesday, January 17, 1995, at 05:46 JST in the southern part of Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan. It measured 6.8 on the Moment magnitude scale (USGS), and Mj7.3 (adjusted from 7.2) on JMA magnitude scale. Like all earthquakes, the Kobe earthquake was caused by a sudden movement of the tectonic plates that make up the crust of the earth. Approximately 1.2 million volunteers were involved in relief efforts during the first three months following the earthquake. [In 1923, the Great Kanto Earthquake killed 140,000 people in this area.] Artificial islands, such as the modern Rokkō Island and especially Port Island in Kobe, suffered severe subsidence due to liquefaction. But increased use of other ports and round-the-clock repair work quickly returned trade to pre-disasters levels. The Philippine Sea Plate is subducted beneath the Eurasian plate. No need to register, buy now! The tremors lasted for approximately 20 seconds. Then Prime Minister Tomiichi Murayama chaired a government headquarters for the reconstruction that included all cabinet members. the network he worked for received a number of calls complaining that the reporter had "unduly invaded the survivor's privacy.” [Source: Washington Post], A columnist in a Korean newspaper wrote that the calm, orderly behavior of the Kobe victim just goes to show that the Japanese were "automatons." In Kobe Earthquake took place before 6:00am, while many people were still asleep. 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