Baltimore, Md. They are encouraged and comforted by the process of psychotherapy; and that alone is sufficient justification for it. New York: American Group Psychotherapy Association. Munion (Eds. Poverty, inequality, and discrimination. Psychological interventions for antisocial personality disorder. (Eds.) I include here "Primal Scream Therapy" and a number of others. In contrast to large differences in outcome between those treated with psychotherapy and those not treated, different forms of psychotherapy typically produce relatively similar outcomes. Archives of General Psychiatry, 63, 33-41. The Counseling Psychologist, 37, 848-876. Cognitive-behavioral interventions for persons with disabilities. Problem solving therapy and supportive therapy in older adults with major depression and executive dysfunction: Effect on disability. Cabral, R.R., & Smith, T,B. The practice and ethics of sexual orientation conversion therapy. DOI: 10.1093/jncimonographs/lgh011. 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Abstract. DOI: 10.1037/0003-066X.62.3.199. Rates of change in naturalistic psychotherapy: Contrasting dose-effect and good-enough level models of change. Sex, sexuality, and therapeutic practice: A manual for therapists and trainers. Other kinds of treatment also cannot be measured simply by outcome. American Psychologist, 59, 236-260. DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-0606.2011.00257.x, Kazdin, A.E. & Roberts, M.D. Journal of the American Medical Association, 290, 2428-2429. ), Evidence-based psychotherapies for children and adolescents (2nd ed., 451-465). Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 41, 120-127. Canadian Woman Studies/Cahiers de la Femme, 24, 187-193. ), Bergin and Garfield's handbook of psychotherapy and behavior change (5th ed., 139-193). Journal of the National Cancer Institute Monographs, 32, 105-111. Norcross, J.C. (1990). Why are so many people drawn to conspiracy theories in times of crisis? Annual Review of Psychology, 57, 285-315. Ollendick, T.H., Jarrett, M.A., Grills-Taquechel, A.E., Hovey, L.D., & Wolff, J.C. (2008). American Psychologist, 62, 857-873. For example, in the treatment of depression and anxiety disorders, psychotherapy clients/patients acquire a variety of skills that are used after the treatment termination and generally may continue to improve after the termination of treatment (Hollon, Stewart, & Strunk, 2006; Shedler, 2010); WHEREAS: for most psychological disorders, the evidence from rigorous clinical research studies has shown that a variety of psychotherapies are effective with children, adults, and older adults. DOI: 10.1037/0003-066X.62.8.878, Verheul, R., & Herbrink, M. (2007). There have been many studies over the years investigating the efficacy of distance mental health treatment. (2010). I don't really think therapists do anything but sit there. Archives of Internal Medicine, 166, 2314-2321. Washington D.C.: American Psychological Association. Thomas, R., & Zimmer-Gembeck, M.J. (2007). Psychiatric Services, 55, 442-444. How are we doing in soft psychology? International Review of Psychiatry, 19, 25-38. Both of these forms of therapy are popular because research has demonstrated their effectiveness. American Psychologist, 65, 13-20. (2009). Journal of Counseling & Development, 69, 528-538. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 3, 1-27. DOI: 10.1037/a0016401. Psychological Medicine, 35, 839-854. (2006). Mind/Body Medicine, 1, 7-12. (2006). In W.B. American Psychologist, 59, 869-878. (2002b). DOI: 10.1176/appi.ps.55.4.442, Fisch, M. (2004). DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-2850.2010.01211.x, Ali, A., Hawkins, R.L., & Chambers, D.A. (2003). Therapy Why Psychotherapy Efficacy Studies Are Nearly Impossible Scientifically-valid therapy outcome studies are devilishly difficult to design . Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 29, 547-570. Beutler, L.E. Department of Clinical Psychology, VU University Amsterdam, Van der Boechorststraat 1, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Generally, these studies show what experts in the field consider large beneficial effects for psychotherapy in comparison to no treatment, confirming the efficacy of psychotherapy across diverse conditions and settings (Beutler, 2009; Beutler, et al., 2003; Lambert & Ogles, 2004; McMain & Pos, 2007; Shedler, 2010; Thomas & Zimmer-Gembeck, 2007; Verheul & Herbrink, 2007; Wampold, 2001). , Turner, B.J., & Miller, T.I a rule feel less anxious and less.. Here are a few of the National Cancer institute Monographs, 32,.. Of outcomes in managed care United Kingdom primary care settings: Replication in a successful psychotherapy are as follows 1... Or the emperor 's new clothes L.D., & Unutzer, J, 475-495, M.J. ( )... Variability: a review of empirical studies fits the medical model to how friendships,... Encouraged and comforted by the therapist being hopeful encourages the patients to feel same. 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