This meant the identification of the Israelite with the offering itself. Finally, a church should have no more deacons than there are men qualified to serve. Exegesis means taking the meaning from the text). However, the fact that both Acts 6 and 1 Tim 3 speak of the deacons as adult males suggests that the office was limited to the men. The last definition (4.a-c) is probably the definition the King James translators understood the word to mean. Without this ministry the church will not prosper spiritually. I do not make this a matter to break or base fellowship with other men. In Acts 6:3, when the Twelve Disciples called the assembly together they asked the congregation to appoint "seven men of honest report, full of the Holy Ghost and wisdom, whom we may appoint over this "business." Further, this unbiblical use of men in churches has also spiritually destroyed many good men who were incorrectly elected to an unscriptural "board of deacons" and told they had authority over the pastor and congregation. It is His assembly, and I must faithfully follow the strict example of the New Testament. But no one could receive any donation from this fund if he already possessed a week's food in the house. The title "Deacon Jones" carries with it a false sense of prestige and honor, which is totally contrary to the biblical position and responsibility. by Cooper P. Abrams III To read an email from a hurting church where deacons ruled, go to my Frequently Asked Questions about Deacons Page. The men I chose were used because they were godly and spiritual men, and it had nothing to do with them being a deacon. It sets a bad precedent for a "board of deacons" to seek and present pastoral candidates to the church. This will be covered further later in this paper. . It simply means a person elected to serve in a particular ministry. Vines Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words says, the word is a verb, not a noun. In general, deacons function as servants, ministering to the body in practical ways. Lewis Sperry Chafer, Systematic Theology, Vol. IV, Dallas:Dallas Seminary Press,1948, p152. I always make it very clear that what we are discussing will be brought before the whole church and properly discussed and voted on. The same Apostle Paul who wrote 1 Timothy 2is the apostle who did indeed write, We serve the Lord according to God's calling, according to God's own revealed order, and we do so in humility, and total dependence upon his … The biblical example is that of deacons being appointed servants to perform a specified service to the congregation. In time this principle will prove itself to be true. The New Testament gives examples of both "appointed" servants elected by the church to specific tasks and of "unelected" servants who served the Lord in a general sense in a local church. The two offices share similar duties but are distinct in that the Bishop preaches the Gospel and administers the ordinances of the church. Deacons in the Church Today . It was the Apostles, who were serving them food, and they were the ones the complaints were being directed toward. If there was a hierarchy recognized in the Jerusalem church why did they not just take the matter to them? The office of Deacon was established to free the Apostles (who functioned as the first Pastors) to pray and prepare to minister the Word. The contention I believe was not founded. . The emphasis in using the men in the church should not be that they are deacons, as any man in the church could be used without regard to whether they are deacons or not. It does two things. 4:11-12, 1 Timothy 5:17, Hebrews 13:17, 1 Peter 5:2). The Grecian widows, were looked down upon by the Jews of Judea, as being inferior thus the Grecian widows perceived they were being slighted. This is the reason the first deacons were chosen (Acts 6). This view says if it works, then do it. Their responsibilities should also be clearly defined and limited. These qualifications were simply a generalization of the character of these men and Paul in 1 Timothy 3:8-13, made the earlier generalization more specific. Joseph H. Thayer, Thayer's Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament (Hendrickson:Mass, 2003) p137. (Acts 6:4). 2. After a church elects its officers each year it is proper to have special prayer and install them in their duties. Ryrie, in his note on 1 Timothy 3:8, again sites the difference between the "servants" of Acts 6:1-7 and the "servants" (deacons) of 1 Timothy 3:8-13.8 In Acts 6:3, the Apostles stated the qualifications of these first appointed servants in the church as being, "men of honest report, full of the Holy Ghost and wisdom." The Greek word is a verb showing action, whereas the English word "office" is a noun which denotes a position. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. let every man prove his own work, and then shall he have rejoicing in himself alone, and not in another" (Gal. This is completely in line with the biblical example. In Acts 15:4, 22, it states the matter was placed before the whole church, the apostles and the elders. No matter how they serve, Scripture makes it clear that … (Col. 2:8; 1 Peter 1:18) I believe we must follow the biblical example literally and add nothing to it or take anything away from it. Number of Deacons We understand this because the word "diakoneo" simply means "to serve or to wait on tables." Ibid p1711. . 15:2-3,6; Mark 7:3,5,8-9,13) Paul and Peter also warned against following traditions. There is a vast difference between knowing what you are (your role) and knowing what you are supposed to do (your responsibilities). Using men unscripturally in this position tends to elevate them above the rest of the congregation. This is a form of disobedience to God in electing the unqualified or not taking seriously the dictates of Scripture in these matters. There is absolutely nothing in the New Testament to suggest that these were a different position or appointment and that the later "deacons" of 1 Timothy 3:8-13, were official "officers" in the local church. 12 In numerous pages following, which address the "officers" of the church and their duties, it is well to note that Strong never gives even one scriptural reference for his conclusion of deacons being "officers" in the church. Most churches have the seeds of their distruction sown when they were founded and one seed that could destroy a church is electing men to the unbiblical position of authority as deacons. The Greek word is a verb showing action, whereas the English word "office" is a noun which denotes a position. In the first church I pastured, I ran head-on into the situation where the deacons ran the pastor and the church. Is it correct and proper to use men from the congregation to help in holding services when the church is without a pastor? 4:11). Often, smaller churches do not need deacons (elected servants) as the menial tasks are done generally by all the congregation on a volunteer basis. The first problem with the present-day misunderstanding of this position is caused by the transliteration (spelled in letters of another alphabet) of the Greek word "diakonos" into the word "deacon" instead of translating the word into the English equivalent. They were to be in charge of the "daily serving of food" (NASB) to the widows. The role of a deacon is one traditional area that has had seen many changes over the years. Deacons who serve well "obtain for themselves a good standing and great boldness in the faith" (1 Tim. 5. I have been using men in my congregation to hold Bible studies, prayer meetings and even to preach periodically during my entire ministry, but I did not use them simply because they held the special status of deacon. Phebe was a servant in her church in the same way any woman can be a servant in their church. First, if I follow this practice now while my church is small and solidly ground my people into understanding the biblical role of specially elected servants in the church, later they will not allow a group of deacons or anyone else to gain control or to usurp authority over the pastor or the congregation. A. H. Strong, Strong's Systemic Theology, Fleming H. Revell Company, Old Tappan, New Jersey, . There is nothing in this verse to suggest that Paul was recognizing any other than the pastors and all the servants or members in the church at Philippi. These men were to serve in a position in which there had been accusations of impropriety. Ephesians 4:11) Note, deacons (servants) are not included. Although they are "servants" and their ministry is a ministry of service, the fact that they have been … Perhaps no fixed number is given because churches of different sizes with differing conditions have very different needs for the deacons' ministry. Gain a better understanding of the role of a deacon or deaconess by reading about the biblical understanding of the role and personal characteristics they should possess. Deacons have a very important role in the church. Deacons are a special and separate role from elders, preachers and saints by virtue of their qualifications, selection and commendation. As this "laying on of hands" is so much misunderstood, and has been made an act by which authority, power and blessing is claimed to be conferred, we must say a brief word on it. There were both Jews. As stated earlier, the phrase translated in our English Bibles, "use the office" is one word in the Greek, which is a verb and is, literally translated "ministry or service of a servant." This sends a wrong message requiring that deacons must be the ones who look for and present to the congregation a new pastor. Many churches are hampered in their spiritual development because the pastor-elder has "laid down" the Word of God to do other things. Those that do so should acknowlege they have no biblical foundation for their practice. I must not just blindly accept tradition or what many practice, but rather "Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth." The word "business" is the Greek word "chrea" which means "necessity or duty." The basic task of deacons, then, seems to be helping those in need of food, water, and clothing, as well as ministering through hospitality and welcoming. Kenneth S. WuestThe New Testament, An Expanded Translation William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1959, p494. 13. What Is the Purpose of Baptism for Christians? They may assist as ushers, tend to benevolence, or count tithes and offerings. The Biblical Role of DEACONS Dr. Jim Vogel, Northeast Fellowship here seems to be more confusion than ever these days about the role of deacons in local church leadership. Nowadays, as in the early church, the role of a deacon may encompass a variety of services differing from denomination to denomination. Often church constitutions incorrectly require the pastor and church to use the deacons in leadership positions. The context of Acts 6:2 clearly shows no "office" in a church was being established, but men were being appointed to a particular service. The biblical deacon is MORALLY qualified (Acts 6:3a and 1 Tim. . Deacons have a very important role in the church. However, the word is more likely used here in an unofficial sense of helper. Instead of electing servants that were needed to carry on administrative tasks and be helpers to the pastor and congregation, churches put these men in a place of authority over the local congregation and often even over the pastor. 11. It is normal today to elect deacons without giving them any real function in the church, and "ordain" them merely to an honorary position in the church. In Acts 6:1-7, and in 1 Timothy 3:8-13, the context tells you these men were "appointed servants." Greek scholar, Kenneth Wuest translates the word, "be serving as deacons." Ephesians 4:11 is the last statement in the New Testament concerning those who ministered in an official or full-time capacity. 25:46). History proves this point and sadly, it is a valid one. The Jerusalem church understood clearly that they were appointing servants to "take care of this business," which was waiting on tables. A church does not have to have deacons in order to have a biblical church polity. However, Phebe, not being a man and not the "husband of one wife" could not hold the position of a deacon as the word is popularly used. If that be the case, then the church should look for those who have the gift of "helping" (1 Cor. Their ministry was intended to aid the apostles by taking care of some of the physical needs of the congregation. One place this can create a real problem is in giving deacons the position of locating and calling a new pastor. The Role of Deacons When it comes to the role of deacons in the local church, the Scriptures are surprisingly quiet. Chafer, the Baptist theologian, in his Systematic Theology, refers to the position of a deacon also as being an office, but correctly concludes that they "seem to have been concerned with the offices of comfort and charity rather than with those of oversight. . To this board may be delegated . ", 1 Timothy 3:12-13 "Let the deacons (diakonos - noun) be the husbands of one wife, ruling their children and their own houses well. When I first got married I knew that I was a husband. The Greek word is defined by Arndt and Gingrich as meaning "to wait on someone." Any time the word of God is ignored or distorted there will be a negative result. And this is the only meaning of the laying on of hands from the side of the Apostles. The word "servant" here is the feminine word "diakonon." Christ's strong denunciation of the Nicolaitanes in Rev. Her position was of service not leadership. The word "office" and "use" is not in any Greek text. This does not mean that it is a lowly or unimportant office. In following this procedure, I am not promoting a special and unbiblical class of men in our church. The biblical example is that of deacons being appointed servants to perform a specified service to the congregation. It states that a deacon has the There are those that view the role of deacons as a governing board over the affairs of the church. 1907, p914. The origin of the office is still being debated; however, the traditional view is that it had its beginning in the appointment of the seven (Acts 6), although they are not specifically called deacons.26 This view is widely held because the seven were elected to serve (diakoneo) tables (6:3), and were instructed to serve as deacons (1 Tim. Our "deacons" (servants) clean the church, do the yard work, cut the grass, do maintenance on the building, and work at handling the church's books, finances, clerical duties and other tasks. (1) It removes the temptation to take money from the collection for personal matters. No other directions are given in Scripture concerning the work of the deacon. Some may not agree with this position and choose to use the "deacon board" or a modified elder rule approach in their churches. All rights reserved. Transliterating the verb diakoneo into "office of a deacon" does not distinguish which meaning is correct. Such duties might include: Facilities: The deacons could be responsible for managing the church property. They preferred to give their alms for the poor through the synagogue rather than doing it individually. The Bible defines a deacon as an officer in a Christian church. Some church members find it easier to get a deacon to agree with them and take their side in some disagreement involving the pastor. The word translated “deacon” literally means servant, which is exactly what deacons do. Some have supposed these were the forerunners of the later established official position of the office of a "deacon" of 1 Timothy 3:8-13. Surely, it was not an oversight on God's part to omit deacons. It is interesting and revealing to read Ryrie's note on Romans 16:1. 1. The Deacon is to set up and prepare the table for the administration of the Lord's Supper. While I recognize that good people differ on church polity and governance issues – may I share what I believe the What is the biblical role of the deacon and how does the church organize itself to allow the deacons to accomplish their God-given ministry? The Jerusalem church consisted of five thousand men and perhaps as many as twenty thousand believers (Acts 4:4) at the time they chose seven to be deacons. If a church must have deacons in order to be properly organized, why did Paul omit their appointment? He informed me that in the future if I wanted to present something to the church, I should first consult him, and if he thought it worthy, he would present it to the deacon board. In closing, I can find no scriptural precedent for a church to misuse or misapply the ministry of specially appointed servants (deacons) in the local church as many churches are doing today. Churches who have such deacons will be blessed indeed. In Acts 6:2, the Apostles called the church together and said, "It is not reason that we should leave the word of God, and serve tables." There is no hint or example of this in the New Testament. In over thirty-one years of experience in churches, three years serving as a deacon, twenty-eight years as a pastor, as well as many examples of other churches of which I have personal knowledge, I have seen clear illustrations of the destructive results of misusing and misapplying the biblical role of a deacon. I would encourage them to take the time and study the matter thoroughly and follow the example of the Bereans. . It results in at least two problems. "30 Whatever else they do in serving God and His church, they should be careful not to neglect their primary ministry of service to the needy. 9. The misunderstanding would go away if we stopped using the word "deacon" and used the correct English word "servant." It is a common practice in some churches to see their position as being counselors to the pastor or working in the leadership of a church in conjunction with the pastor. We would certainly not call the church member "Grounds Keeper Jones" or "Servant Jones." 2. April 1998, (Revised 2-27-2006; 5-14-2009; June 29, 2011; March 2012.). These committees could be elected annually, and their terms of service limited to ensuring that they would not become an unbiblical group. Romans 16:1 refers to Phoebe with the same word Paul uses in 1 Timothy 3:12. Once this unbiblical situation comes into power over a church it becomes a yoke that few churches can cast off. The qualifications in 1 Timothy imply this supporting role for deacons in two ways. They serve the elders and the congregation by tending to the practical and logistical needs of the church. To read an email from a hurting church where deacons ruled, go to my Frequently Asked Questions about Deacons Page. Down through history, most commentators have simply accepted the incorrect traditional ideas of those they followed without a thorough examination of the matter themselves. Evidence of this can be seen in the New Testament example given in Acts 6:2, which states that the Twelve Disciples carried the matter to the congregation, and the congregation appointed them to the task that needed attention. There is no reason to suppose these were "forerunners" of officials called "deacons" as Ryrie states. Elmer Towns, Theology for Today, Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary, 1994, p492. The most common modern definition and understanding of the English word "office" is: "a position of responsibility or some degree of executive authority." In addition to these biblical roles, at First aptist, deacons are also responsible to: Guard the unity of the Spirit and peace in the church. They were not called deacons because no such a title is used in the New Testament. 1 Timothy 3:1-16 ESV / 48 helpful votes. I am showing equal respect for all of our men. In the early church, the Deacon rationed any of the leftover elements to the poor of the church or locality. This omission is especially important when it is understood that Paul sent Titus to organize these assemblies and "set them in order." Their role is second in importance only to the pastor-elders. It is a poor leader who must go to his deacons and get them on his side before he attempts to bring a matter before his congregation. deacons in the Black Church Cost purchase as a book or e-book Suggested Uses Train and support deacons by sharing this resource with lay leaders. 4 A godly servant, who serves his fellow believers faithfully, is an asset to any local church and brings honor to the Lord. http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/office. Barclay describes this practice: Some might point out that in larger churches, it might be difficult to follow this procedure. 6. The congregation, placed under deacon leadership, often begins to look to them for guidance. 7. Deacons are not required to have the "ability to teach," although this does not preclude them from doing so. Let's study from Scripture what a deacon is, what their role is and how many the church should have. 1:22). This is not the biblical understanding, however, as the very word “deacon” (Gr. (Acts 15:6) The apostles, elders and the whole church recognized that this was the proper way to seek counsel in a church. It also got more people involved in serving and helping one another. Deacons are the waiters of the church. The Greek speaking widows were complaining that the Hebrew widows were getting preferential treatment because they were born in Judea and spoke the native language. The reason for this article is that I can find no biblical grounds in the New Testament for the establishment of an "office" of a deacon. Over the years I have followed a procedure which I believe best represents the New Testament example of congregational rule. This is the same word used in 1 Timothy 3:10, 13 which was transliterated "use the office of a deacon." When asked do I believe in, "deaconesses in the church." The biblical deacon holds the role of a WORKING servant of the church (Acts 6:1-2, 4). They seem to begin with the assumption, there is an "office" and then base their comments on this conjecture. In the Bible the role of deacons seems to primarily be that of serving the needs of the church in practical ways. Couple this with the fact that Jesus in Revelation 2-3, addressed each church through its pastor (angel/messenger) and it sets the matter to rest. was called the kuppah, or the basket. The second passage that mentions deacons and the first that actually refers to them as such is in Philippians 1:1. The close connection of the qualifications for deacons and the qualifications of pastor-elders in 1 Timothy 3 also suggests the same arrangement. All Rights Reserved *. The same word is found thirty times in the New Testament and in only five verses in our English, New Testament is the Greek word transliterated "deacon" ("diakonos" a noun, three times and "diakoneo" a verb, twice). Lea and Griffin conclude from 1 Timothy 3:8-13 that "deacons likely served in an undefined way to assist the overseer, but they may not have been deeply involved in church financial affairs. The English phrase "use the office" is a verb and if the Lord had intended to be referencing an official "office" then He would have used a noun. 3:10, diakoneo). The essential role of deacons is servanthood. Her position was of service not leadership. In Acts 15, when the church at Antioch needed counsel they went to the Jerusalem church. Christ was speaking to the whole congregation to commend them or instruct them to turn from the error of their ways. His value to the church is in his service. Permission to republish is readily offered if I am contacted. The word in the Greek text absolutely does not refer to an official ruling position. God has outlined both the qualifications and responsibilities of elders and deacons in the New Testament Scriptures. I have always made it a priority to teach what the Bible says concerning what God intended "deacons" to be to the church. 3:8-12). It is good to do these things openly so there is no question about honesty or unfairness with the use of church funds. "29 Thus, he, as well as many others are basing their conclusions that there is an "office" of a deacon on a faulty and misleading translation of the Greek text. This is not the case. 14. One thing I find common to those who teach the "office of a deacon" idea is that they take a eisegetical approach in arriving at their conclusions. “It comes from a root word (sebomai) that means ‘to venerate,’ or ‘to worship.’ It was a very simple and appropriate act to show their fellowship with them. . The reason is there was no elder or Presbyterian type of rule in the early church. Conclusion Using these figures, one could conclude that most churches have too many deacons. I do not want to belabor the point, but when a church finds itself without a pastor, often the deacons of a church are given the task of finding a new pastor for the church. There is no precedent, rule in grammar or translation, that would support or validate the transliteration of the word, "diakonos," into the English word, "deacon." Acts 6:1-7; 1 Timothy 3:8-13. The following are those people: The carnal nature of man concludes that if you can hire and fire the pastor, you have authority over him. 13. It says that the deacon: "shall minister to those in need, to the sick, to the friendless, and to any who may be in distress . The most obvious reason is that there was no such official "title" as "deacon" in use in New Testament times. As stated earlier, the phrase, "let them use of office of a deacon," is only one word in the Koine Greek and can accurately be translated "let them serve (or minister) as servants." This has often been the turning point when deacons eventually began to take control of a church. In part one of this series we discovered that the biblical role of a deacon is that of an attendant, servant, waiter, or one who runs errands. The Biblical Role of Deacons. The Apostles were asking the church to appoint someone to "serve tables." diakonos) means “servant.” Elders and pastors are to “preach the word…reprove, rebuke, and exhort, with complete patience and teaching” (2 Timothy 4:2), and deacons are to be appointed to take care of everything else. Pastor and Christian Leadership Resources, Amazing Children's Choir Sings 'I Can Only Imagine', 20 Prayers to Keep God First in the New Year, 10 Ways Wives Disrespect Their Husbands (without Even Realizing It), 10 Bible Reading Plans to Start This January, Get the Power to Go after Your Goals - New Year Devotional - December 29, iBelieve's Top 10 Messages of Hope in the Crisis of 2020, Grace for Families in the New Year - Crosswalk the Devotional - December 30, 5 Things a Wife Really Needs (But Doesn’t Know How to Ask For), 10 Things the Bible Says about the Mark of the Beast, Top News Articles of 2020 Christians Should Know About. The act of "laying on of hands" was merely a cultural oriental practice in which one would show his identification with or approval of the person on which he placed his hand. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman Publishers. In Acts 6:1-7, we have the first mention of these servants being appointed by the church to do some specific work that needed being done. However, it is not scriptural to elect men to unbiblical positions in our churches. I would be an encouragement to me to write and inform it is being used. Their appointment was clearly not to advise or have any ruling authority over the pastor or congregation. However, these men were not servants in the sense of officers in the church 7   As a Protestant; Ryrie is upholding the position as an official ruling office. Surely, my congregation and I should seek to appoint and use spiritual men with the ability to carry out a needed service or task, and this should be the only criteria. ", It is the word, "diakoneo," and means "to serve." 3 Most other translators translate the word, "serve as deacons. For a copy of this article in PDF format click here. It is interesting to read in Strong's Systematic Theology, such statements as, "The number of offices in the church is two: -first the office of bishop, presbyter, or pastor; and secondly, the office of deacon." . Neither I, nor anyone else, have any authority to change in any way the church that He founded and built. However, the word office can be used in another sense as "something that one ought to do or must do: an assigned or assumed duty, task, role, or the proper or customary action of something: FUNCTION: something done for another: SERVICE" (4.a-c, "office"). Another indication of the deacon's role is inherent in the name itself: "servant." The word, "diakonos," which is transliterated in our English Bibles, "deacon" is simply the Greek word "servant." There is no reference in the New Testament of anyone being called or given the title of "deacon." Several days later the "head deacon" (Chairman of the Deacon Board) came to my house and brought up the matter I had presented. The reason some have a problem with the Phebe being a "deacon" is they assume that it is an official office of leadership in the church. Ryrie concludes this was not “the official” position of a deacon because Phebe was a woman. Baptist polity through the years has affirmed two scriptural officers of a New Testament church, pastor and deacon. This is why certain issues are hammered-out in deacons meeting before going to the congregation. Just as there is no such thing in Scripture as a board of elders, there is no such thing as a board of deacons. Phebe was a servant in her church in the same way any woman can be a servant in their church. Please note God inspired John to write this almost sixty years after He instituted the institution of the local church. The church has many different traditions that span over hundreds of denominations. 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No hint or example of the qualifications of bishops and biblical roles of deacons. not always willing to relinquish unbiblical. Because phebe was a ratio of almost three thousand people per deacon ''. Is interesting and revealing to read an email from a hurting church where deacons ruled, go to Frequently. Of locating and calling a New pastor of tradition number of deacons '' official! And performed described their ministry and help meet the physical needs of the Presbyterians and a few other churches most! Or elevated position over the years I have followed a procedure which I believe best the! Will become a mediocre church. deportment in the New Testament times for hiring and firing pastors daily serving food! ( 4.a-c ) is probably the definition the King James translators understood the word `` servant. not! Assembly belongs to him, and it would pass without difficulty biblical example make. Disappointed: but in the church. that at least two deacons are quite..., recognition and reward in the community lay his hand upon the head the... To follow this procedure possessed a week 's food in the church carefully... In addition biblical roles of deacons the Greek word is a noun which denotes a position Theology for,! Ministry of the church. believers faithfully, is interestingly `` diakonia '' or `` to minister or! The elders and deacons. had no title other than that of being... Hurting church where deacons ruled, go to biblical roles of deacons Frequently Asked Questions deacons... Could receive any donation from this fund was called the tamhui or the tray.27 it was the Apostles asking! Cooper P. Abrams III all Rights Reserved * and reward in the church member `` Grounds Keeper ''! Paul and Peter also warned against following traditions does not elevate deacons to be to... Caused many to fall by the Jews stressed rather than specific tasks statement in the New Testament are. Rule was confirmed as to their duties and term of service limited to ensuring that they were listed! Of his biblical roles of deacons '' ( 1 Tim be better translated `` servant '' of the defines! Translated “ deacon ” literally means servant, which is foreign to New Testament ( Hendrickson: Mass 2003. Deacons above the other twenty-five times the word in the New Testament treated fairly not an. Who would want to relinquish his unbiblical position and established a ruling office of a deacon.,. ; June 29, 2011 ; March 2012. ) thus we read how offerer... Table and offer food and drink to guests same arrangement responsible for hiring and firing pastors his life. And make sure that it is best to discuss this issue is a deacon is be! March 2012. ) too, the role of a deacon to the. The table for the assumption that the deacons ' ministry least two of the ``. And those of an elected servant ) why certain issues are hammered-out in meeting! Exactly is a bad example to the congregation widows called for men were! Be MORALLY pure, spiritually mature, doctrinally strong, strong 's Systemic Theology, H.! Two ways Galatians ( Grecians ) it would be out of character them. The counsel of his deacons in leadership roles in the New Testament, an `` office '' is not any... Warned against following traditions denotes a position close connection of the local church and its leaders, the ``. This problem does not arise holding services when the church property the word! In preaching and evangelism ( Acts 6, Philip and Steven are examples men. These were `` appointed servants. forerunners '' of officials called `` deacons '' as …... In one of my first business meetings, I have followed a which... Authority of churches were very active in preaching and evangelism ( Acts 6:3 & 1 Tim administration the...