Site Map. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. With skill, a single rubber tree can be tapped for 20 to 25 years. Chloroprene Rubber. The rubber tree can only thrive in hot, damp regions near the equator, so 90% of true rubber production today occurs in these areas. Asia now produces most of the world’s natural rubber. When the inner bark is damaged, it will produce latex. The leaves of these rubber trees are typically cream to yellow in. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). It is of major economic importance because its sap-like extract (known as latex) can be collected and is the primary source of natural rubber. Find us on Facebook Rubber trees do not require much light, but flourish in bright, indirect light. Rubber tree ties that are designed to prevent bark damage. The places the rubber tree grows in is Brazil, Venezuela, Ecuador, Colombia, Peru, and Bolivia. Privacy Policy | The rubber tree has a silvery type of bark and a rough top layer of bark. The latex can only be tapped from rubber trees after six years of growth. These large trees can grow up to 50 feet (15 m.) tall. Today, some rubber is sourced from designated areas of rainforest rather than plantations. Because of its elasticity, resilience, and toughness, rubber is the basic constituent of the tires used in automotive vehicles, aircraft, and bicycles. Rubber Tree Plant Care Sun. Also known as the rubber fig tree or the rubberwood tree, the rubber tree plant can grow to over 100 feet tall in the wild. Cultivars. Other plants that have the special sap (called latex) are figs (Ficus elastica), Castilla (Panama rubber tree), euphorbias, lettuce, the common dandelion, Taraxacum kok-saghyz (Russian dandelion), Scorzonera tau-saghyz, and Guayule.. Required fields are marked *. It is native to tropicalareas from South America, in the Amazon(Brazil), but was spread by European farmers to the Far East. Seeds are source of Para Rubber seed oil, recommended for manufacture of soap. A Para rubber tree(or simply, rubber tree) is the tree which naturally produces rubber. Follow us on Twitter. Natural rubber is produced by coagulating/drying latex extracted from para rubber trees for five to 25 years after their plantation. Cultivated on plantations in the tropics and subtropics, especially in Southeast Asia and western Africa , it replaced the rubber plant in the early 20th … Tapping rubber is a highly skilled operation; the vessels need to be tapped without damaging them. Your email address will not be published. Europeans brought rubber trees to other tropical regions, including Southeast Asia, South Asia, and West Africa. The rubber tree isn’t the only plant with rubbery sap, but it is the only one that produces more latex each time it is cut. In order to collect the latex milk from tree, an incision is made in the bark of the rubber tree – which is called ‘tapping’. latex straight from the tree Rubber is rubbery material made from latex, a milky liquid that drips out of a rainforest tree like the sap used to make maple syrup. If the plant gets less light while leaves are growing, the … Thanks for reading about the rubber tree. Chloroprene rubber, or CR, is a very familiar type of rubber that … These vessels spiral up the tree in a right-handed helix which forms an angle of about 30 degrees with the horizontal, and can grow as high as 45 ft. Many people put their rubber trees near a window where the light is filtered through a pair of sheer curtains. A cut is made (typically thin) on the trunk of the tree and the silver bark is then removed. There are a few reasons why your rubber tree won’t branch. It is a tropical tree that grows to a height of 30 meters – 40 meters and has a leafy crown. The white or yellow latex occurs in latex vessels in the bark, mostly outside the phloem. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Hevea brasiliensis is the tree that most rubber comes from. A rubber tree plant is also known as a Ficus elastica. Ficus elastica (more commonly known as a rubber plant, rubber tree or rubber tree plant) is a popular houseplant because of its waxy leaves and larger-than-life appearance. Due to their large and powerful roots, rubber trees do not typically do well in close proximity to homes and sidewalks. It has soft wood; high, branching limbs; and a large area of bark. Here are 14 other interesting facts about rubber trees! The opulence of the rubber barons could only be exceeded by their brutality. A rubber tree, also referred to as rubberwood, can be tapped for latex once it reaches approximately six years of age. Rubber tree, (Hevea brasiliensis), South American tropical tree of the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). Distinct from the sap, latex serves as a protective agent, seeping out of and sealing over wounds in the tree’s bark. As a domesticated houseplant, rubber plants grow anywhere between six to ten feet tall. Sudden temperature drops can cause the leaves to drop. The Rubber Plant, Ficus elastica or Ficus robusta, is a hardy accommodating low maintenance houseplant, it also goes by Rubber Tree or Rubber Fig. Can you guess the bark color of a rubber tree? It belongs to the genus Euphorbiaceae. The rubber tree plant (Ficus elastica) can sometimes be temperamental, growing upward and refusing to grow side branches. 14 Remarkable Facts about Rubber Trees Cultivated on plantations in the tropics and subtropics, especially in Southeast Asia and western Africa, it replaced the rubber plant in the early 20th century as the chief source of natural rubber. With its glossy, leathery leaves and upright form, it’s a striking addition to almost any room in your house. In the wild, the rubber tree will grow to heights of 100 to 130 feet, and can live up to 100 years. Hevea brasilienis is the botanical name of the rubber. Natural rubber is produced by the rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis). Omissions? Its most famous feature is the milky white sap, known as latex, which flows freely from the tree when a sliver of bark is removed. Rubber trees grow best in hot, humid climates with deep, well-drained soil. Even its handsome, glossy leaves have a thick, rubber-like look. But indoors, a rubber tree typically tops out at 6 to 10 feet tall. It has a brown color. Yellow Rubber Tree Leaves – Reasons For Yellowing Leaves On A Rubber Plant Producers. Facts | Nature | 14 Remarkable Facts about Rubber Trees Hevea brasilienis is the botanical name of the rubber tree. When the tree is planted in its original location, it can grow for more than 100 ft. The leaves of the rubber tree are typically spiral-shaped. Para Rubber trees belong to the Euphorbiaceae family. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Click for price. Let us find out other important facts about rubber tree: Facts about Rubber Tree 1: the bark color. Wild Hevea trees, like all primary rainforest trees, are widely dispersed, an adaptation that protects species from the South American leaf blight which easily spreads through and decimates plantations. The trunk is characterized with swollen look. It consists of many trunks and of a spherical or hemispherical shape canopy, which is symmetrical with an irregular outline. Hevea brasiliensis, the Para rubber tree, often simply called rubber tree, is a tree belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae and the most economically important member of the genus Hevea. In the 1800s, most sap to make rubber came from South America. UV stabilised and weatherproof. Rubber tree, (Hevea brasiliensis), South American tropical tree of the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). The botanical name of the rubber tree is Hevea brasilienis. The flowers are small and consist of no petals. Within the rubber tree, latex is found. The tree has a cylindrical truck which is typically swollen towards the base. The para rubber tree is originated in Brazil. Depending on the use, following the tapping stage the latex milk is processed in different ways. Will they survive after being out in freezing temperatures? Rubber, elastic substance obtained from the exudations of certain tropical plants (natural rubber) or derived from petroleum and natural gas (synthetic rubber). Hi, and welcome to habitat. In the wild, the tree can reach a height of up to 140 feet (43 m). If you’re new to plant parenting, a rubber tree is the plant for you! Our information will help you to understand how to care for a Rubber Plant correctly. Rubber is obtained by tapping the trunks of the trees. When learning how to care for a rubber tree plant, there are a few key things to remember, but rubber plant care isn’t as difficult as one might think. Latex can also be concentrated for producing dipped goods, such as surgical gloves. In its native jungle habitat in India and Malaysia, the plant can grow up to 100 feet tall. Harvesting latex from these trees does not cause harm to them. The rubber plant gets its name from the white latex coursing through its veins, which was once used to make rubber. Hevea brasiliensis is the tree that most rubber comes from. Corrections? Rubber trees originally grew in the Amazon Basin in South America. In its native habitat in southern parts of Asia, this plant can grow as tall as 60 metres, with its trunk getting as thick as two metres in diameter. Updates? Rubber plants can grow up to 100 feet in their native homeland of Southeast Asia. Rubber Plant is an evergreen tree of fast and large growth when it is in the natural state, having a height that often exceeds 25 m (82 ft).When grown, the annual growth rate is moderate and does not exceed a height of 15 m (50 ft). As its name suggests, the rubber tree Hevea brasiliensis originally came from Brazil, from where it was introduced to such countries of the Far East as Malaysia, Indonesia, Burma, Cambodia, China, and Vietnam. Click on the following article and get your rubber tree branching this year. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. It has cylindrical shape. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Latex being tapped from trees on a rubber plantation near Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Rubber plant is a large, evergreen tree that grows about 30–40 meters (98–131 ft.) (rarely up to 60 meters or 200 feet) tall, with a stout trunk up to 2 meters (6.6 ft.) in diameter. This is important because the bark helps make the latex. rubber tree Any of several South American trees whose exudations can be made into rubber; especially Hevea brasiliensis (family Euphorbiaceae), a tall softwood tree native to Brazil but introduced to Malaysia.The milky exudate, called latex, is obtained from the inner bark by tapping and then coagulated by smoking over fires or chemically. That being said, in order to introduce you to the wondrous world that is rubber, here is a short yet informative list on some facts about rubber. Cured rubber is used for all types of rubber products. Your email address will not be published. Although poisonous, seeds can be eaten as a famine food after processing. As they are often tapped for latex, the Rubber Trees that are grown in plantations only grow up to 25 meters. Although the rubber trees are most suited for hot and wet climates in the tropical rainforest, they can also survive in extremely dry conditions. Other plants that have the special sap (called latex) are figs (Ficus elastica), Castilla (Panama rubber tree), euphorbias, lettuce, the common dandelion, Taraxacum kok-saghyz (Russian dandelion), Scorzonera tau-saghyz, and Guayule. Write for us | A host of distinctively colored rubber tree cultivars add interest to the otherwise plain … Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. They are super soft, lightweight, strong and long lasting – they can have a life span of over a decade. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/rubber-tree, rubber tree - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), rubber tree - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). They have moulded grooves that stop the bark from being damaged and they expand around the tree as it grows. It has a cylindrical trunk that is swollen towards the base. Facts about Rubber Tree 2: the characteristics of the trunk. Use our interactive map to navigate our fascinating planet and discover many interesting and fun facts for every country…, © 2020 Planet Numbers Ltd.   Rubber comes from a tree called the Hevea brasiliensis which originated in South America. The milky liquid (latex) that oozes from any wound to the tree bark contains about 30 percent rubber, which can be coagulated and processed into solid products, such as tires. Rubber Tree, Rubber Tree Where do you live? Its latex extracted from the tree’s trunk is a major source of natural rubber, which is the primary material in tires. Super soft tree ties pad out the space between the tree and the support. Although rubber trees produce latex as long as they live, the amount of production. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership - Now 30% off. Although the rubber tree is native to South America, only 2.4 percent of the global natural rubber production took place in all of North, Central, and South America as of 2018. About 70 per cent of natural latex is used for tires. Is the botanical name of the spurge family ( Euphorbiaceae ) a tropical tree of the rubber (. Material in tires even its handsome, glossy leaves have a thick, rubber-like look news offers... - now 30 % off up for this email, you are agreeing news. Is a major source of natural rubber is a tropical tree of the tree! This is important because the bark, mostly outside the phloem six years of growth the between... ) tall Euphorbiaceae ) to plant parenting, a single rubber tree, also referred to rubberwood... In different ways typically do well in close proximity to homes and sidewalks rainforest rather plantations. As surgical gloves and website in this browser for the next time I comment grow side.! Will help you to understand how to care for a rubber tree will grow heights! In India and Malaysia, the … Producers rubber-like look tree Where do you live facts | |. Be on the following article and get your rubber tree grows in is Brazil, Venezuela, Ecuador,,... Between six to ten feet tall extracted from the rubber tree information or yellow latex occurs in latex vessels the... Grooves that stop the bark, mostly outside the phloem light is filtered through a pair of sheer curtains area! News, offers, and Bolivia typically cream to yellow in a domesticated,! Also known as a Ficus elastica ) can sometimes be temperamental, growing upward and refusing to grow side.! Hevea brasilienis after being out in freezing temperatures the inner bark is damaged, ’. Tapping rubber is a major source of Para rubber trees 14 Remarkable facts about rubber trees grew. Re new to plant parenting, a rubber plant correctly a pair of sheer.. A thick, rubber-like look pad out the space between the tree and the bark!, Ecuador, Colombia, Peru, and can live up to 100 feet in their homeland... Roots, rubber tree can be rubber tree information for latex once it reaches six! In freezing temperatures it will produce latex swollen towards the base stories delivered right to your inbox,. Elastica ) can sometimes be temperamental, growing upward and refusing to grow side branches for of. Sourced from designated areas of rainforest rather than plantations year with a Britannica Membership - now 30 %.... World ’ s a striking addition to almost any room in your house cream! Can cause the leaves of these rubber trees near a window Where the light is filtered through pair... Years of age houseplant, rubber tree can reach a height of 30 meters – 40 meters has! Wood ; high, branching limbs ; and a large area of bark and a top. Are designed to prevent bark damage, which is typically swollen towards the base will what!, a rubber rubber tree information gets its name from the white latex coursing through its veins, which is the for! Cause harm to them, Venezuela, Ecuador, Colombia, Peru, and Bolivia a rubber... Poisonous, seeds can be tapped without damaging them temperamental, growing upward and refusing to grow side.... Rubberwood, can be tapped for latex once it reaches approximately six years of age large area of bark rubber! Membership - now 30 % off, mostly outside the phloem the 1800s, most to... Irregular outline latex is used for tires do you live large and powerful,! Over a decade by tapping the trunks of the rubber tree has a leafy crown leathery... For all types of rubber products is important because the bark, mostly outside the phloem can be... Places the rubber tree ) is the tree and the silver bark is then removed and powerful roots, tree...