Compare Psalm 19:10; Psalm 119:97, Psalm 119:99. The pontificians beat off the common people from this common treasury, by objecting this supposed difficulty. Verse 2. The word used here, הגה hâgâh, means properly to complain, to mutter; then, to speak; then, to utter in a low complaining voice, as is often done by a person in deep meditation; hence, in the usual sense, to meditate on anything; to think of it. Thus in the great day of trial, when they should be saved by their book, alas! The law of the Lord is the daily bread of the true believer. (Psalm 46:1) For thou hast been a shelter for me, and a strong tower from the enemy. 1. Hence Augustine has, in his translation, "chatter;" and a beautiful metaphor it is -- as chattering is the employment of birds, so a continual conversing in the law of the Lord (for talking is peculiar to man), ought to be the employment of man. But his will is in the law of the Lord. Gordon Churchyard. Verses 1 – 2: This means that God owns everything. It was analyzed by everyone from Irenaeus to Augustine in the early church, attributed to both Moses and David, and is practically ubiquitous in lectionaries, old and new. To meditate, as it is generally understood, signifies to discuss, to dispute; and its meaning is always confined to a being employed in words, as in Psalms 37:30 , "The mouth of the righteous shall meditate wisdom." Psalm 92:1-2. Verse 2. Psalm 35:28 And my tongue shall declare Your righteousness And Your praise all day long. denotes either one brook regarded from its abundance of water, or even several which from different directions supply the tree with nourishing and refreshing moisture. Verse 2. The perff. In the law of Jehovah is his delight.—Or, to the law of Jehovah is his inclination. An attractive faculty, to assume and draw in the food; A retentive faculty, to retain it when taken in; As assimilating faculty to concoct the nourishment; An augmenting faculty, for drawing to perfection. (Psalm 47) To the chief Musician, A Psalm for the sons of Korah. An EasyEnglish Translation with Notes (about 1200 word vocabulary) on Psalm 126. www.easyenglish.bible. -- The good man doth meditate on the law of God day and night. Arab. rmh ṣlb mtı̂n mstwin, a hard, firm and straight spear. The psalm is a regular part of Jewish, Catholic, Anglican, and Protestant liturgies. Tucker explains the structure of Psalm 121 as a division of four strophes (vv. If you want to know what true repentance is, check out this commentary and Bible study on Psalm 51. Commentary on Psalm 19:1-6. thick, firm, stout, solid, and Arab. In the law of the Lord - The law of Yahweh - the small capitals in the translation indicating here as elsewhere that the original word is Yahweh. (last clause). The Hebrew word means primarily “to bend.”. Psalm 1 2 Commentary: Delight. We can defy God and perish, or we can surrender to Him and be blessed. The positive side of a good man’s character is now described according to the standard which prevailed when the written law first came truly into force. Psalm 119:54 : "Thy statutes have been my songs in the house of my pilgrimage." The ground and reason of both . thin, loose, without stay, like a bad piece of weaving, vid., Fleischer's translation of Samachschari's Golden Necklace pp. Verse 2. Martin Luther. Psalm 142. Joseph Caryl, 1647. Psalm 23. Hence it is not only a love of the law, but that loving delight in the law which no prosperity, nor adversity, nor the world, nor the prince of it, can either take away or destroy; for it victoriously bursts its way through poverty, evil report, the cross, death, and hell, and in the midst of adversities, shines the brightest. Verse 2. Psychol. And yet, in David's day, how small was the volume of inspiration, for they had scarcely anything save the first five books of Moses! Everything that exists belongs to God, He has the right to keep everything for Himself, but He chooses to share with human beings. And from this kind of employment, there comes forth at length a man well instructed in the law of the Lord to speak unto the people. We too transfer the idea of being lax and loose to the province of ethics: the difference is only one of degree. tslh, to divide, press forward, press through, vid., Psalm 45:5) signifies both causative: to cause anything to go through, or prosper (Genesis 34:23), and transitive: to carry through, and intransitive: to succeed, prosper (Judges 18:5). Richard T. Ritenbaugh Tithing The notes explain some of the words with a *star by them. In His law doth he meditate day and night. Verse 2. fal'g, from פלג to divide, Job 38:25) means the brook meandering and cleaving its course for itself through the soil and stones; the plur. serve to give intensity to the figure; פּלג (Arab. He takes a text and carries it with him all day long; and in the night watches, when sleep forsakes his eyelids, he muses upon the Word of God. consec. The description now continues with כּי אם (imo si, Ges. The intonation of the accent is said in these instances to begin, by anticipation, with the fugitive ĕ.). We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Instead of the Scriptures they can present images; these are the layman's books; as if they were to be tried by a jury of carvers and painters, and not by the twelve apostles. BIBLICAL COMMENTARY (Bible Study) Psalm 121 EXEGESIS: INTRODUCTION: Psalm 121 encourages pilgrims braving dangerous roads to Jerusalem. The green foliage is an emblem of faith, which converts the water of life of the divine word into sap and strength, and the fruit, an emblem of works, which gradually ripen and scatter their blessings around; a tree that has lost its leaves, does not bring its fruit to maturity. The holiness and happiness of a godly man . On הלך בּ, in an ethical sense, cf. chfd f. i. with the primary notion of firmly adhering, vid., on Job 40:17) in תורת ה, the teaching of Jahve, which is become Israel's νόμος, rule of life; in this he meditates profoundly by day and night (two acc. As the NIV’s translation suggests, Psalm 139 can be divided into four strophes: verses 1–6; 7–12; 13–18; and 19–24.Tucker and Davis offer an overview of these four movements: Before exploring the meaning of this passage in detail, here is the whole psalm for your consideration from the NIV: ii. John Trapp Complete Commentary. In the whole doctrine of the Holy Scriptures, that invariable rule of truth, as Irenaeus rightly calleth it, Kανων της αληθειας ακλινης. This would include such things as these: he does not follow the advice of sinners, 2 Samuel 16:20 ; 1 Kings 1:12 ; he does not execute the purposes or plans of sinners, Isaiah 19:3 ; he does not frame his life according to their views and suggestions. So Joshua 1:8 : "Thou shalt meditate therein (the law) day and night." This Hiph. hakuma, wise, prop. to the law of Jehovah is his inclination. 26 and 27 Anm. Psalm 119 is an expansion of Psalm 19:7–9: “The law of the LORD is perfect, reviving the soul. Psalm 24:1-2. Sir Richard Baker. יהגּה, what he is always striving to do; הגה of a deep (cf. This psalm has a good deal in common with Proverbs 2:12-15, 20-22 and Jeremiah 17:5-13, both of which contrast the Then the psalm describes the distressing circumstance now past (verse 3), recalls a prayer for help (verse 4) along with the Lord’s saving response (verses 5-11), and then vows to give witness to God’s salvation before the congregation (verses 12-19). In verse 2 the word "it" means the dry land. A. Psalm 2 is twice as long, consisting of four stanzas and 12 verses. says the prophet, "I see a cloud rising, like a man's hand;" and by and by, the whole surface of the heavens was covered with clouds. Psalm 126. Meditation is the touchstone of a Christian; it shows what metal he is made of. They speak themselves to be works of God's hands; for they must have a Creator who is eternal, infinitely wise, powerful, and good. This is often referred to as characteristic of true piety. in Psalm 1:3, the development of the אשׁרי now begins; it is the praet. (Note: Nevertheless we have not to compare רעשׁ, רגשׁ, for רשׁע, but the Arabic in the two roots Arab. It was applied particularly to the Pentateuch, or law of Moses (compare the notes at Luke 24:44), as containing the first written and recorded laws of God; and then the word came, in a more general sense, to be applied to all the books of the Old Testament, as being an exposition and application of the law. they have no book to save them. What there is in it for the believer to delight in. The psalm itself does not identify its author, but Acts 4:25-26 clearly attributes it to David. The clause ועלהוּ לא יבּול is the other half of the relative clause: and its foliage does not fall off or wither (נבל like the synon. In the New King James Version its sub-title is "An Appeal for Israel's Repentance". (Comp. (1) There is the way of the godly and their blessedness in contrast to the way of the ungodly (1:1-6). Meditate.—Literally, murmur (of a dove, Isaiah 38:14; of men lamenting, Isaiah 16:7; of a lion growling, Isaiah 31:4; of muttered charms, Isaiah 8:19). They might as well say, heaven is a blessed place, but it is a hard way to it; do not trouble yourselves, we will go thither for you. Psalm 2:1 Why are the nations in an uproar And the peoples devising a vain thing? Verse 2. His delight is in the law of the Lord. In the slightly different numbering system of the Greek Septuagint version of the bible, and in its Latin translation, the Vulgate, this psalm is Psalm 80 Proud member Other people delight in the activities in Psalm 1:1 – godless advice, lifestyle, and associations. Perhaps some of you can claim a sort of negative purity, because you do not walk in the way of the ungodly; but let me ask you -- Is your delight in the law of God? He does not need to pay or repay anyone, or ask us for anything. He does not take counsel of them as to the way in which he should live, but from the law of the Lord, Psalm 1:2. rs' and rsg shows for רשׁע the primary notion to be slack, loose, in opposition to Arab. But the blessed man doesn’t. A psalm of David. Another prominent theme in Psalm 119 is the profound truth that the Word of God is all-sufficient. I have no rest, but in a nook, with the book. Psalm 77:12 : "I meditate on all thy work." -- The good man doth meditate on the law of God day and night. In פּלגי מים, both מים and the plur. The heavens declare the glory of God; the skies proclaim the work of his hands. This psalm is a prayer, the substance of which David offered up to God when he was forced by Saul to take shelter in a cave, and which he afterwards penned in this form. It has a digesting power, and turns special truth into spiritual nourishment; and lastly, it helps the renewed heart to grow upward and increase its power to know the things which are freely given to us of God. Be not you so cheated; but study the gospel as you look for comfort by the gospel. Arab. Compare Psalm 119:23, Psalm 119:43; Psalm 143:5. Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. -- This delight which the prophet here speaks of is the only delight that neither blushes nor looks pale; the only delight that gives a repast without an after reckoning; the only delight that stands in construction with all tenses; and like Aeneas Anchyses, carries his parents upon his back. חטּא, instead of which חטא is usually found) sinners, ἁμαρτωλοί, who pass their lives in sin, especially coarse and manifest sin; לצים (from לוּץ, as מת from מוּת) scoffers, who make that which is divine, holy, and true a subject of frivolous jesting. Psalm 1:1–2, Blessed is the man who walks not in the counsel of the wicked, nor stands in the way of sinners, nor sits in the seat of scoffers; but his delight is in the law of the LORD, and on his law he meditates day and night. What Psalm 24 means. (Psalm 46:1) How much more, then, should we prize the whole written Word which it is our privilege to have in all our houses! Psalm 1 is the first psalm of the Book of Psalms, beginning in the English King James Version: "Blessed is the man".The Book of Psalms is part of the third section of the Hebrew Bible, and a book of the Christian Old Testament.In Latin, this psalm is known as Beatus vir or Beatus vir, qui non abiit.. And indeed there is for Psalm 32 speaks of blessings which are a result of God’s forgiveness of sins. Verse 2. You may have read in Spurgeon's comments above on the blessed state in Psalm 32:1-2 (Spurgeon on v1; Verse 2) where he notes that there is an association with the blessednesses in Psalm 1. Psalm 85 is a perfect psalm for this second Sunday of Advent. In His law doth he meditate. The word law in the Scriptures is used in a considerable variety of significations. tsdq, צדק to be hard, firm, tight; as Arab. In distinction from נטוּע, according to Jalkut 614, שׁתוּל means firmly planted, so that no winds that may rage around it are able to remove it from its place (אין מזיזין אתו ממקומו). Here is, I. No entry exists in Forerunner Commentary for Psalms 1:2. Micah 6:16; Jeremiah 7:24. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Thomas Watson's Saints' Spiritual Delight. חטּאים (from the sing. Psalms 1:1 : Psalms 1:3 >> The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. 495). Thus רשׁע means the loose man and indeed as a moral-religyous notion loose from God, godless comp. The change in personal pronouns between verses 1-2 (I-my) and verses 3-8 (you-your) may signal a dialogue between pilgrims or groups of pilgrims. The naturalists observe that to uphold and accommodate bodily life, there are diverse sorts of faculties communicated, and these among the rest: Meditation is all these. Ver. Do you study God's Word? The meaning is: (a) he does this habitually, or he intentionally forms the habit of meditating on divine truth, by disciplining his mind in order that he may do it; (b) he takes time to do it - designedly setting apart suitable portions of each day, that, withdrawn from the cares of life, he may refresh his spirit by contemplating divine truth, or may become better acquainted with God, and with his duty to him, and may bring to bear upon his own soul more directly the truths pertaining to eternal realities; (c) he does this in the intervals of business, the moments of leisure which he may have during the day - having thus an unfailing subject of reflection to which his mind readily reverts, and in which, amid the cares and toils of life, he finds relaxation and comfort; and. The waters are seas and rivers. How he shows his delight, thinks of it, reads much, speaks of it, obeys it, does not delight in evil. hjj, depressum esse), dull sound, as if vibrating between within and without, here signifies the quiet soliloquy (cf. The three appellations form a climax: impii corde, peccatores opere, illusores ore, in accordance with which עצה (from יעץ figere, statuere), resolution, bias of the will, and thus way of thinking, is used in reference to the first, as in Job 21:16; Job 22:18; in reference to the second, דּרך mode of conduct, action, life; in reference to the third, מושׁב which like the Arabic mglis signifies both seat (Job 29:7) and assembling (Psalm 107:32), be it official or social (cf. Therefore: Blessed is he who does not walk in the state of mind which the ungodly cherish, much less that he should associate with the vicious life of sinners, or even delight in the company of those who scoff at religion. (from צלח, Arab. If not, this blessing belongeth not to you. Psalm 81 is the 81st psalm in the biblical Book of Psalms.Its themes relate to celebration and repentance. of transl.].). The benefits, helps, and hindrances of meditation. What now? – The Way of the Righteous and the Way of the Ungodly. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Verses 3 – 6: In verse 3 the hill … Day after day they pour forth … Notice that Psalm 1:2 doesn’t say that the blessed man simply reads the Law of the Lord. It is a psalm which has been sung by good Christians, and will be while the world stands, with a great deal of pleasure and satisfaction. hjs, mussitando secum loqui) of one who is searching and thinking. He that hopes for the inheritance, will make much of the conveyance. with the old accusative terminations am and ah). In this psalm, the way of the righteous and the way of … This psalm shows us, I. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. The believer's acquaintance with it. As this world is the kingdom of Satan, unconverted men, of every rank, party, and character, are stirred up by him to oppose the cause of God. "He doth meditate." (2) The way of the godly is set forth by way of a contrast: negatively, what the godly do not do (1:1), and positively, what the godly do (1:2). sachufa, foolish, simple, prop. First he made the seas. He is not under the law as a curse and condemnation, but he is in it, and he delights to be in it as his rule of life; he delights, moreover, to meditate in it, to read it by day, and think upon it by night. It helps judgment, wisdom, and faith to ponder, discern, and credit the things which reading and hearing supply and furnish. The Hebrew word תורה tôrâh, properly means instruction, precept; and then, an injunction, command, law, in the usual sense of the word. 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