Commercial grain farming is an extensive and mechanised form of agriculture. Genetic markers linked to specific value traits can be used to screen large numbers of progeny to identify those with desired characteristics. One key feature of commercial farming is that, very little number of crops or livestock is elected for production and that is operated in very large scale. I. http://www.fao.org/dairy-production-products/production/en/, Rinkesh It is a type of commercial farming, primarily practiced in the Mediterranean countries. II. Commercial Farming is the farming method in which crop production and cattle rearing are performed with an intention to sell the produce in the market. The characteristics of the commercial livestock and crop farming are the result of the combination numerous factors, such as physical, economic, political and social. Commercial agriculture leads to specialization of labour because all operations are mechanized. It is mostly practiced by peasant farmers. Problem of storage India is the world’s largest producer of milk at 22%, with other countries such as the US, China, Pakistan and Brazil, also being top producers. Records are kept for proper accountability. Commercial farming mechanizes operations, controls diseases and pests, enabling the farms to produce more. Beef and milk come from cattle, meaning cattle have to be reared in high numbers. Commercial Agriculture Grigg, D.B. There may be problem of storage due to over production. That’s good I did mine that in ss1 third term, Before then, I have already did it in junior class. Agriculture is a major industry in the United States, which is a net exporter of food. It has an interface of agriculture … Characteristic Features of Commercial Grain Farming. 4. Welcome to class. It thrives in West Bengal and other North-Eastern parts of India. There are several characteristics of commercial agriculture. It employs unskilled labour. Learn about the history of commercial fishing, equipment and facilities, and the main types of fisheries. There are several characteristics of commercial agriculture. It is characterized by a low fallow ratio, higher use of inputs such as capital and labour, and higher crop yields per unit land area. Commercial fishing, the taking of fish and other seafood and resources from oceans, rivers, and lakes for the purpose of marketing them. It is, therefore, grown massively in Brazil, Columbia and India. Subsistence and Commercial Agriculture; Characteristics, Advantages and Disadvantages. Planning is specific characteristics of commercial agriculture which define capital need, expected outputs, target market, system of production in consideration of environmental factors and finally profitability concluding whether or not … In Italy, for example, donkeys are reared to produce an alternative source of milk for infants. It grows well in China, Kenya, India and Sri Lanka. It, therefore, grows well in the United States, Mexico, Brazil, India, Canada and Russia. II. Location of Commercial Grain Farming : Commercial grain farming has successfully developed in economically developed tem­perate region where population density is low, availability of land is high and only a small fraction of the population is dependent on agricultural activities. 1. 'A Hierarchical Classification of Farm Systems', Experimental Agriculture 24: 399-419. 5. The US is second, producing 99.16 million metric tons. This article provides more detailed insights about the characteristics of commercial farming, its types, advantages, and examples. Cotton is a plantation crop and is the raw material for the cotton textile industry. The farming is outdoor and is seasonal, meaning farmers are exceptionally busy during the planting and harvesting seasons. Commercial farms are often larger than regular family farms because economies of scale are richly sought after due to the immense competition involved. Coffee thrives in a warm and wet climate on well-drained soil. It is a highly sensitive type of farming, as it used to be practiced during colonial and slavery periods. Crude tools are used It usually involves the use of family labour. Inadequate capital for investment It involves the cultivation of large hectares of land In different parts of India, the following farming systems are practised. 3. 1. Since the practice requires a lot of investment before it is started it, therefore, implies that it requires a lot of capital to get it up and running. Maize, like wheat, requires moderate rainfall and adequate sunshine. Due to the small farm holding and use of crude tools, there’s practically no capital for investment. Additionally, animal waste can be used to grow crops. 6. It involve huge investments of capital Characteristics of Commercial Farming 1. Pests and disease are not controlled They do not rely on the rains or natural supplies as ordinary farmers do since they have advanced technologies, machines, and artificial growth enhancers to have their crops or animals sustained throughout. (a) Better Supervision: Unlike in industry, the area of operation for a worker in agriculture is very large. 9. Use of small farmlands The workers will earn some money, enabling them to provide food for their families. We found that they create more jobs and stimulate rural economies more than … When the soil fertility decreases, the farmers shift and clear a fresh patch of land for cultivation. But then again, commercial farming is worrying to some extent despite its positive results. This is the raising of livestock animals for their meat products. With this type of commercial farming, grains such as corn, barley and wheat are grown for human consumption and exports. Tobacco is commercially farmed in semi-arid and rain-fed areas, where alternative crops and economically unviable. As the result of rural-urban movement, there is little or no availability of members present to help. As of the 2007 census of agriculture, there were 2.2 million farms, covering an area of 922 million acres (1,441,000 sq mi), an average of 418 acres (169 hectares) per farm.. What is commercial agriculture? The climate within such areas is perfect for growing certain crops such as grapes, figs, dates, and olives. Based on this study, home garden agriculture as practiced in … Most commercial agriculture is intensive in one or more ways. Commercial farms typically grow one crop in large quantities. The degree and extent of commercialised agriculture varies from region to region. For instance, in West Africa, cocoa and coffee exports have earned the respective countries lucrative foreign exchange, which is an economic growth booster. (ed.) 4. Primitive Subsistence Farming It is a ‘slash and burn’ agriculture. The two live and are farmed side-by-side all year round. Large-scale Production. View Blog, Is Denim Eco-Friendly? Commercial farming helps decrease the cost of agricultural products since the crops are available in the market in enough numbers. It requires good rainfall during planting and adequate sunshine when harvesting. As such, India is a prime example of tobacco commercial farming and is the world’s second-largest producer of tobacco. Commercial farming helps an area or country establish or improve the infrastructure of the area, such as roads and electricity. 11. 4. Contemporary commercial farming hence solely focuses on the production of crops and farm animals for sale, using the most advanced, efficient, and recent technologies. As a result of the use of machines, it can lead to soil erosion and pollution of the environment. There are certain characteristics that distinguish arable farming from other forms of agriculture, such as the size of the farm, the type and diversity of the crops, and the tools used to harvest them. Fishing is one of the oldest employments of humankind. As such, commercial farming stimulates the growth of the local economy. The practice, also known as agribusiness, is increasingly being taken up and practiced as more and more people partake in it as a lucrative business venture. Dairy cattle breeds such as Friesian, Jersey and Ayrshire are the best producers of milk. A great modern example is Aquaponics. False True or False: Crops grown in the mixed crop and livestock region are used primarily to feed animals. View profile For this reason, it requires a lot of land, advanced technology, and expertise to meet the expected production targets or goals. These data are useful to various county administrative departments, Extension Service staff, other non-county agencies, and researchers interested in the structure of commercial agriculture. In other nations, mass imports are used as raw materials in industries. 13437 shares Problems or disadvantages of commercial agriculture It involves a small area of land. Other animals farmed for dairy include goats, camels and sheep. It is expensive Generally single crop is grown on a large area in plantation agriculture III. It’s not until you’re in specific industries or you have to deal with maintenance that you get much past the basics. 10. If you’re like many people, you don’t think too deeply into how industrial and commercial equipment really work. 5. Advantages of Commercial agriculture Output is usually high Other top producers are Bangladesh, Japan, and Sri Lanka. Commercial farming avails more raw materials to feed the local and international industries that engage in the production or manufacture of agricultural by-products. As a result of cultivation of same crop continuously, there may be outbreak of pests and disease which will be devastating. Family labour supply is unreliable Agricultural economics, study of the allocation, distribution, and utilization of the resources used, along with the commodities produced, by farming.Agricultural economics plays a role in the economics of development, for a continuous level of farm surplus is one of the wellsprings of technological and commercial growth.. Which of the following characteristics are true about plantation agriculture? It thrives on black and alluvial soil with low rainfall, bright sunshine and no snow. Nutrition and agriculture Home garden agriculture in Kerala revisited M. Abdul Salam, K. Sathees Babu, and N. Mohanakumaran Abstract We studied the characteristics of home gardens in Kerala and compared them with commercial agriculture. (And How to Dispose Of), accounting for about 47% of the world’s beef, India is the world’s largest producer of milk. Since the practice requires a lot of investment before it is started it, therefore, implies... 3. 3. It is expensive. Examples include the vast farms of tea in India and Kenya, the coffee plantations in Brazil and India, banana production in Uganda, beef farming in the United States, and sugarcane farms in Indonesia and Mexico. Under commercial agriculture, the thousands of acres of products such as millet, cocoa, bananas, rice, sugarcane, tea, and other products are harvested and sold, mainly as exports to other countries. Advantages of Peasant Farming: Each farming system has its own advantages as well as disadvantages when compared with other farming system from that angle the traditional farming system has the following advantages. Tools; by worthview - November 8, 2018 0. Readings in Farming Systems Development, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome. Problem of large acquisition of land It, therefore, grows well in northern India during the winter seasons. Today we would be discussing and learning on Subsistence and Commercial agriculture. Commercial farming is a source of jobs for persons living within the area. The medium -scale commercial farming model has a lot to offer. 3. The world’s leading producer of rice is China. It involves the use of hired labour Owing to the use of a large area of land, there is an increase in farm yield. The harvest returns are small. As the name suggests, it is the commercial farming of milk and milk products. Sole cropping system is usually practiced 8. (1974). 2. It employes skilled labour Wheat is a staple food in the world and it grows in moderate temperature regions. Rice is a staple food all over the world. profile of commercial agriculture characteristics for the county. The degree of area coverage may vary from one region to the other. There is no specialization. Large area of good fertile are not usually available for commercial agriculture. A lot of money is involved because most operations are mechanized. Characteristics of subsistence agriculture 3. As opposed to other forms of agriculture where people farm for their use, commercial farming is done for sale only. 1. The most commonly reared animals are cattle and sheep, although you might find pigs and chicken reared in large numbers as well. 3. Characteristics of subsistence agriculture Rapid changes in technology are the characteristic of U.S. agriculture and a major force of contemporary commercial agriculture. 1. For instance, lots of fertilizers, insecticides, weed killers and pesticides are used during farming. The capital is used to purchase farm materials such as seedlings or seeds, fertilizers and pesticides, machinery, the farm itself, and in paying for the expenses incurred such as water and electricity bills, and in paying for labor, and expertise. In truck farming, crops that are high in demand are grown. It involves mainly the production of food crops alone. I grew up on a farm in an irrigated region of the prairies. The following are the precise characteristics in detail. I. For example, wheat in Punjab is a... 3. 4. 7. This is a development in the continental lands of the mid-latitudes, which were once roamed by nomadic herdsmen. Owing to high yield, harvest is usually tedious and time consuming. Some of the main crops grown on commercial farms include bananas, coffee, corn, cotton, nuts, tea, sugar cane and wheat. Commercial farming sees livestock and crops produced in large numbers. Advantages and disadvantages of mechanized agriculture or 4. cropping system. A lot of skill and time is given to the production of the crops and animals, so there are usually of higher quality. While skilled labor in commercial labor comes from professionals, unskilled labor tends to exploit immigrants and persons who live in absolute poverty. 2. Improved varieties of crops and breeds of animals are used 1. 5. This results in low yield since the use of these tools have limits compared to tractors ,ploughs etc. High quantities of fertilisers, high yield variety seeds, insecticides and pesticides are used to enhance the... 2. It is heavily produced in the US, Pakistan, Egypt, China, and India. Forms that rely heavily on industrial methods are often called industrial agriculture, which is characterised by innovations designed to increase yield. Specialization of labour 2. Tea is an important beverage all over the world. I t f o l l o w s t h a t (1992). That is a very ambiguous question. According to Statista, the leading producer of cow milk in the world is the European Union, producing 155.3 million metric tons of milk in 2019. Friedrich, K.-H. As a result, commercial farmers increase production, helping increase the national stock of food products. As a result of mass production, the sale prices of products are usually very low and affordable. Large area of good fertile are not usually available for commercial agriculture. Also, when the roads are improved, they help both the farms and the people who live nearby. It can lead to soil erosion and pollution 2. There is little or no surplus for sale. Small-scale farming is usually a more sustainable way of farming land, compared to large scale factory farms. Grain farming is highly mechanized and requires sufficient amounts of land, machinery, equipment and farmers. Generally single crop is grown on a large area in plantation agriculture III. 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