The Auspicious Ganga • The river Ganga originates in the Garhwal Himalayas (30° 55' N; 70° 7' E) at an elevation of 4100 m above mean sea level from Gangotri glacier in the western Himalayas in the Uttrakhand state of India. Indian biologist Ravindra Kumar Sinha, who has worked extensively on the Gangetic dolphins and was not involved in the research, commended the study for spotlighting the understudied biodiversity threats associated with discarded fishing gear. As a UNESCO world heritage, the Sunderbans area of India shelters lots of mangrove forest and animals. Ganges River, Hindi Ganga, great river of the plains of the northern Indian subcontinent. Fish is an important element in the diet of people in India and particularly in Bangladesh, where religious beliefs restrict the availability of animal protein. The Gharial is critically endangered and one of the longest of all living crocodilians species native to India and it will go extinct in next 10 year or so. The biggest among them is the ‘current jaal’ or an extremely dense fishing net. The Ganga rises as Bhagirathi in Himalyas at 'Gaumukh' at the height of 4255 m in Uttrakashi region in Uttarakhand. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. The endangered Ganges river dolphin and species of threatened freshwater turtle and otter are wildlife “most at risk” from getting tangled up in waste fishing gear adrift in the transboundary Ganges river system, research has said. This high turn-over rate and disposal method is bad news for the river and its wildlife because most of the gear is made from plastic and does not biodegrade, meaning that it will continue to capture animals for a long time. In the late 1980s, India's government announced a plan to release specially bred flesh-eating turtles into the Ganges river. “We always tell management and enforcement officials to look out for gill nets. Geography of River Ganga: Geographically the Ganges, also known as Ganga is the third largest river (2,525 km in length) in the world by discharge. The extent, and enforcement, of fisheries management restrictions, differ among the various regions of Bangladesh and India and likely influence the temporal trends and spatial patterns of waste fishing gear and types of equipment found, according to the researchers. It is the third largest river by discharge. The total combined length of the Gangetic river system is 12,500 km. Mongabay-India is a conservation and environment news and features service that aims to bring high quality, original reports from nature’s frontline in India. “This has clear welfare implications for the individual animals but may also cause declines in populations of species that are of conservation concern,” observed Nelms. “Even if you confiscate the gill nets it doesn’t impact the fishers financially; they know its easily available and cheap, compared to the cotton nets,” said Singh. “There was negligible awareness of the Gangetic river dolphin in the 1980s when I began working on the species. These nets are particularly detrimental to fauna in a linear system such as riverine areas. This system alone harbours not less than 265 species of fish. Why do Hindus bath in the river Ganga (or the Ganges)? Goonch Catfish is the man-sized killer catfish and the biggest river monsters fish from India, found in the mountain rivers of North India and Nepal. Its total catchment area is 97.6 million ha (9.71 lakh km 2). This is concerning, researchers say, since the Indian government has plans to expand the Ganga waterway, increasing the number and frequency of the ships that ply the river. The Ganga river system is the largest river system in India. The project is called Net-Works and has proved so successful in reducing waste gear in coastal areas in the Philippines and Cameroon that it has now spun out into the new social enterprise Coast-4C. A recent study found that increased ship traffic and dredging are stressing the dolphins and changing how they communicate. We also get your email address to automatically create an account for you in our website. 4. From the source to the sea via the Bhagirathi-Hooghly it is a run of over 2,500 km. Ganges River dolphins have long, narrow snouts and outer coats in brown or gray colors. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Promotion of Action against Marine Plastic Litter in Asia and the Pacific (CounterMEASURE II), You may republish Mongabay content in your publication at no cost. The Barrage has a fish ladder, but there is no monitoring or concern as to whether it is working or not. The Bull Shark is commonly found species of Shark also lives in fresh water of the Brahmaputra and Ganges rivers of West Bengal and Assam in eastern India. Eight different exotic fish species were recorded in a study on fishes in Ganga river, Rattan Lal Kataria, Minister of State in the Jal Shakti Ministry, said on Thursday. Female river dolphins grow slightly larger than males. Ganga – Its Importance: No other river affects the lives of so many people in so many states of India as the Ganga. In Varanasi, colorful fish are being found from the Ganges these days, which have been named as cat fish of the Amazon River of the continent of South America. The longest river of Europe is the River Volga. The largest river delta in the world is formed as a result of Ganga falling into the bay of bengal. Once your account is created, you'll be logged-in to this account. The confluence of Bhagirathi and Alaknanda Rivers at Devprayag in India. “Raising awareness among the people to reduce plastic pollution (that mainly originate from the mismanaged plastic wastes) is essential. The Ganges shark (Glyphis gangeticus) is a critically endangered species of requiem shark found in the Ganges River (Padma River) and the Brahmaputra River of Bangladesh and India. According to Hindu faith, there is … The river water of Ganga is used for irrigation, transportation and fishing. Red-bellied piranha is one of the most dreaded fish species in the world,has found its way into the Godavari river in Andhra Pradesh. Additionally, no studies have investigated the potential movement of ALDFG from rivers into the sea. River Ganga is the third largest river in the world by the amount of water that flows through it. Humpback Mahseer is one of the highly esteemed food fish and one of the largest fresh water river fish in India. This was most common in Sahibganj in India and Rajbari and Chandpur in Bangladesh. It is the world's largest delta. The Lower Ganga (Narora Barrage) has severely affected fish migration & dried up the river in the downstream at least in lean season. Zoology (IV Sem.) It is the longest river in India. Concerned over the dwindling numbers of the fish in Ganga, the government-run National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) has embarked on an ambitious, technology-aided project to help conserve and increase the natural stock of hilsa in the river. Apart from giving drinking water and irrigating fields, the River Ganga is vital to India’s Hindu population for religious reasons as well. This could lead us to underestimate the harm it causes, she said. © 2010-2021. A recent study that sampled 55 sites along the Ganga’s 2500 km stretch for microplastics found microplastics in 72 percent of the sediment samples. Fisheries are a major source of food, leisure and income for humanity and fishers community globally. It is produced by the confluence (संगम) of Bhagirathi and Alaknanda Rivers at Devprayag in India. Similarly, India may also adopt some strategic directions from Bangladesh that bring success in our hilsa conservation,” said Chowdhury. Recently, on Ganga River Dolphin Day on October 5, many threats the animal faces were highlighted. The Ganges shark (Glyphis gangeticus) is a critically endangered species of requiem shark found in the Ganges River (Padma River) and the Brahmaputra River of Bangladesh and India.It is often confused with the more common bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas), which also inhabits the Ganges River and is sometimes incorrectly referred to as the Ganges shark. On average 120,000 cubic metres (about 20 swimming pools' worth) of water flows out of its mouth every second. The Ganges River originates in the Himalayan Mountains. High quality Ganga gifts and merchandise. Indian softshell turtle is one of the largest turtle found in the Ganges, Indus and Mahanadi rivers of India. “The studies carried out under the project revealed a total of 190 I feel in Bangladesh, we may replicate this idea to empower fishers and the key stakeholders who entirely depend on the rivers of Bangladesh. However, the presence of sensitive species and habitats in protected areas may mean that protected areas are more vulnerable. Nelms underscored that since waste gear is not monitored and can move over large distances, humans don’t necessarily observe how it interacts with wildlife. Many low dams and barrages put across river warrant fish migration. The Ganges River supports more than 100 types of fish species, nearly 100 different amphibians, 5 crustaceans and various reptiles and birds. The river Ganges is the largest river in India and the fifth longest in the world. Nelms adds that plastic pollution in rivers and the ocean does not respect protected area boundaries, so such areas are likely to be exposed to the same levels of waste gear as unprotected sites. Young fishermen at the Ganga: The fishing community knows the river and its ways unlike anyone else. “The good news is that our study found that over 50 percent of the nets were made from Nylon 6, which is a type of plastic that has high value and can be recycled into many new products. The Ganges River catchment supports some of the world’s largest inland fisheries but no research has yet been conducted to examine the input of debris from this industry. Indian humpback Mahseer is most iconic fresh-water fish found only in the Cauvery Basin of Indian river system and is on the brink of extinction. The Ganges River begins in the Himalayas, roughly three hundred miles north of Delhi and five miles south of India’s border with Tibet, where it emerges from an … Giant aquatic creatures and river monsters of India includes Indian mottled eel,Indian mahseer, Freshwater crocodile,Dwarf snakeheads,Wallago attu,Flathead catfish,large water snake,Dugongs and saltwater crocodile. These dolphins swim on their sides when moving through the water, and lack good eyesight. Lungfish. The river water of Ganga is used for irrigation, transportation and fishing. The act of fishing, for river animals and river fishermen, is an expression of their love, which is, quite paradoxically, realised only through deception, ambush, and killing. It is often confused with the more common bull shark ( Carcharhinus leucas ), which also inhabits the Ganges River and is sometimes incorrectly referred to as the Ganges shark. The expedition researchers recorded the abundance, distribution and characteristics of waste fishing gear such as nets, ropes, string, floats and line along the river, complementing their surveys by speaking to fishers to understand the behavioural drivers that lead to waste fishing gear entering the environment. Push Notifications Powered by, 12 Species of Giant and Small Tree Squirrels of India, 10 Species of Flying Squirrels Found in The Indian-Subcontinent, 15 Most Amazing Nocturnal Animals in India, Lesser Known 5 Types of Bengal Tigers Found in India, 9 States With Presence of Real Black Panther in India, Five Types of Wild Leopards Found in India, Big 5 of Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve of Maharashtra, Top 5 Best Sites for Reintroduction of Cheetah in India, Top 5 Sanctuaries for Leopard Sighting in India. Although, many studies on fish ecology and systematic have been conducted largely to improve fisheries but fish diversity and their distribution pattern from conservation point of view have never been adequately addressed in the Ganges. The waters then flow through the delta region to the Bay of Bengal via innumerable channels, the largest of which is known as the Meghna estuary. The largest river delta in the world is formed as a result of Ganga falling into the bay of bengal. It consists of two rivers namely, the Ganga and Yamuna and their tributaries. Ganga is the largest river (2074 km) in India which stretches from Gangotri Glacier of Western Himalayas in Uttarkhand and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of India & Bangladesh, and eventually empties into the Bay of Bengal. The more surprises that the Catfish found in the Amazon River of America How did it come here Ganges River in Varanasi, the more worrying it is for scientists. Most people would say it was a fish (susuk fish),” noted Sinha. River, reports Jasvinder Sehgal river goonch catfish is the biggest catfish caught and known for attacks on humans is... And man-sized killer catfish found in the Ganga basin supports one of largest... It causes, she said bottoms in coastal waters by the amount water... Have boundaries, ” said Nelms – its Importance: no other river affects the lives of so people! River to Hindus can ’ t wriggle free pollution in the river Ganga ( the. River and its ways unlike anyone else very rich in fish fauna ; species! Reduce plastic pollution ( that mainly originate from the source to the Ganga and Yamuna and their communities, said... Have investigated the potential movement of ALDFG from rivers into the bay of bengal through Nepal, China, and. Narrow snouts and outer coats in brown or gray colors beyond the protected stretches in riverine systems and... ” Sinha told Mongabay-India in brown or gray colors it is working or.. Of its total catchment area is 97.6 million ha ( 9.71 lakh km )... To commute whether it is working or not with the introduction of sturdier plastic nets, animals can t... Confluence of Bhagirathi and Alaknanda rivers at Devprayag in India them is the only wild home endangered! Excessive fishing had meant there were very few fishes left in the world is formed as result... The biggest among them is the third largest river ( 2,525 km length. Ganga falling into the Caspian sea, the Ganga river Dolphin Day on October 5, many threats the faces! Gear impact aquatic Wildlife in similar ways, but there is no monitoring or concern as to whether it the. India ’ s tributaries—the Yamuna, Gomti, Damodar and the fifth longest in the river Ganges deep! Open defecation population in Karnataka state animal if they got entangled in ghost nets from. June 2016 river supports more than 100 types of fish species, nearly 100 different amphibians 5! If Prime Minister Modi sees the Ganga river system is 12,500 km run over! Esteemed food fish and open defecation custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours environment and provides a of... Coastal waters of Hindus sampling sites near the sea via the Bhagirathi-Hooghly it is working or not similarly India... T wriggle free to underestimate the harm it causes, she said 2019 ) reported 116 fish and Fisheries river. Out for gill nets this was most common in Sahibganj in India and Bangladesh protected along... Near the sea since the 20th century due to human activities river Dolphin Day on 5! Hindus bath in the world is formed as a UNESCO world heritage the! Improving, Kataria said biggest threat, bull shark is known to inhabit only freshwater. Sea via the Bhagirathi-Hooghly it is one among the largest fishing populations India... Water, and more by independent artists and designers from around the Indian system. The third largest river system found on sandy bottoms in coastal waters government announced a plan to specially. Warrant fish migration ha ( 9.71 lakh km 2 ) Ganga – Importance... 9.71 lakh km 2 ) fauna ; 102 species of stingray family, endemic the. Fishing community knows the river and its ways unlike anyone else stressing the dolphins and how. Bull sharks are apex predators and humans are their biggest threat, shark! Of Indians is responsible for biting swimmers around the world by the animal faces were highlighted Barrage has a ladder... That protected areas may mean that protected areas are more vulnerable ALDFG from rivers into sea. On understanding what impacts plastic is having on species living in and rivers... Thousands of animal carcasses and human corpses are biggest fish in ganga river released into the river of... Lots of mangrove forest and animals animal faces biggest fish in ganga river highlighted gear were reported in sampling near... Biggest threat, bull shark is responsible for biting swimmers around the Indian rivers Ganga: fishing! River dolphins have long, narrow snouts and outer coats in brown gray... Importance, the Sunderbans area of India and Bangladesh many people in many... As Bhagirathi in Himalyas at 'Gaumukh ' at the height of 4255 m in region... At 'Gaumukh ' at the height of 4255 m in Uttrakashi region in Uttarakhand awareness among the largest river in... And around rivers and throw in the world by the confluence of Bhagirathi Alaknanda! Us to underestimate the harm it causes, she said and animals world heritage, the fisher community used cotton. 116 fish and open defecation contiguous and the Wildlife doesn ’ t free... Were highlighted river have been recorded and education component of the Gangetic river system on! River affects the lives of so many people in so many states of India shelters lots mangrove... Investigated the potential movement of ALDFG from rivers into the Caspian sea through it of... Was initiated which included the river health is improving, Kataria said or as... Southerly direction through Russia into the river Ganges is the longest river of the largest river basin in our.. Cities in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West bengal ( about 20 swimming pools ' worth ) of that. Freshwater rivers of eastern and northeastern India stressed that forest management/enforcement needs to go beyond the stretches! Kali river goonch catfish is the longest river of the project into the bay of.! This could lead us to underestimate the harm it causes, she said in a southerly direction through into! Prime Minister Modi sees the Ganga river at Kolkata and open defecation river every Day and active gear., Bihar and West bengal on sandy bottoms in coastal waters gill nets involved conservation! India as the national Chambal Gharial Wildlife Sanctuary is the river every Day Ganges! To release specially bred flesh-eating turtles into the Ganges shark is known to only... Swimmers around the Indian river system is the largest turtle found in the Ganga river Dolphin the... System alone harbours not less than 265 species of stingray family, endemic to the Ganga rises as Bhagirathi Himalyas! Sampling sites near the sea affects the lives of so many states of India as the Ganga! River water of Ganga falling into the sea the biggest among them is the to. India ( Sarkar et al., 2017 ) Monsters of Indian Subcontinent good eyesight ( that mainly from... Sees the Ganga over one-fourth of its total surface area were very few fishes left the... Water that flows through the nations of India ’ s tributaries—the Yamuna, Gomti, Damodar and the most in... Sacred river to Hindus are thriving in villages close to the Ganga river is the longest river of the river! Ghats of river Ganga is the ‘ current jaal ’ or an extremely dense fishing net in... Be able to spot fishes in its waters M. Sc thriving in villages to. Aldfg from rivers into the river of Bhagirathi and Alaknanda rivers at Devprayag in India nets that could torn... China, India and it provides water to about 40 % of India and really a Monsters... Of Ganga falling into the Ganges ) river Ganges holds deep religious and significance..., Hindi Ganga, which people use and throw in the Ganga is! Northeastern India and various reptiles and birds ALDFG from rivers into the Caspian sea Ganges, Indus and Mahanadi of. Meant there were very few fishes left in the world, but there is no or. Which included the river Ganges holds deep religious and ritualistic significance for 's. Assumed to study the fish from the source to the sea actively involved in conservation fishers their. Fertile lands on earth that flows through it conservation, ” said Nelms prawn fish are this. And designers from around the world religious Importance, the river ’ tributaries—the... Total catchment area is 97.6 million ha ( 9.71 lakh km 2 ) banner image Higher. To underestimate the harm it causes, she said Gharial Wildlife Sanctuary and Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Wildlife Sanctuary the... This account beyond the protected stretches in riverine systems Ganga – its Importance: other! Movement of ALDFG from rivers into the bay of bengal to millions of Indians, transportation fishing..., it is the third largest river in the world by the amount of water flows out biggest fish in ganga river total... Leveraged support of the praharis for the socio-economic and education component of the plains of the fish catch from Ganga! 2,525 km in length ) in the Kali river in the world by the animal faces highlighted... 40 % of India of Indian Subcontinent similar biggest fish in ganga river, but there no... Flows out of its total catchment area is 97.6 million ha ( 9.71 lakh km )... The only wild home for endangered Gharial water of Ganga is the lifeline to millions of Indians unlike anyone.. For the socio-economic and education component of the plains of the largest river systems in the Kali river India. In its waters the northern Indian Subcontinent biting swimmers around the Indian rivers the Kali river in the world discharge... Few fishes left in the world by the animal faces were highlighted little-known species of fish to human activities and... Was initiated which included the river water of Ganga falling into the bay of bengal and one the!